SOME RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT AND HEME‐PROTEIN‐INDUCED PEROXIDATIVE LIPID BREAKDOWN IN LIPOSOMES, AS REFLECTED BY FLUORESCENCE CHANGES: THE EFFECT OF NEGATIVE SURFACE CHARGE

JANOS SZEBENI, GORDON TOLLIN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract— The water soluble, photolabile nitrene precursor,azidonaphthalene–2,7‐disulfonic acid (ANDS) was encapsulated in small unilamellar, isoelectric (egg PC) or negatively charged (egg PC + dihexadecylphosphate) liposomes. The individual and combined effects of heme‐proteins and UV irradiation on the fluorescence of these vesicles under aerobic conditions were studied. Consistent with the catalytic action of heme‐proteins on lipid peroxidation and peroxide decomposition, addition of cytochrome c (positively charged) or catalase (negatively charged) to the vesicles elicited immediate formation of a fluorescence band at 470 nm, characteristic of Schiff bases that form from aldehyde byproducts of decomposing hydroperoxides. Ultraviolet irradiation of liposomes for 5 min caused no significant changes in the fluorescence spectrum, in spite of the radiolysis of ANDS inside the vesicles with consequent formation of nitrene radicals. When isoelectric vesicles were irradiated with UV light in the presence of cytochrome c or catalase, Schiff base formation was further increased by2–3 fold, which effect was not observed in the absence of internal ANDS, or in the presence of negative surface charge on the vesicles. These findings suggest that (a) UV irradiation, by itself, cannot trigger lipid decomposition even when it is assisted by photoproduced nitrene radicals, (b) there is a ternary synergism between UV light, heme‐proteins and nitrene radicals in promoting peroxidative lipid breakdown, and (c) negative surface charge inhibits the above synergism, which effect is unlikely to be due to electrostatic interaction between the vesicles and the protein or the ANDS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475-479
Number of pages5
JournalPhotochemistry and Photobiology
Volume47
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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