Somatic APC inactivation mechanisms in sporadic colorectal cancer cases in Hungary

Eniko Kámory, Judit Olasz, Orsolya Csuka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The role of germline inactivation of the adenomatosis polyposis coli (APC) gene in hereditary colorectal cancer is well known, being the most important cause of familial adenomatosus polyposis (FAP) syndrome. Hereditary cases with germline mutations, however, account only for 5-10% of colorectal cancers. The somatic inactivation of this gene has also been observed in sporadic cases. In order to examine the inactivation mechanisms of the APC gene we screened 70 sporadic colorectal cancer cases (27 rectal, 43 intestinal) of different stages for promoter hypermethylation, allelic imbalance (AI) and somatic mutations. The presence of promoter hypermethylation was observed in 21 cases (30%). Fifteen of the examined tumors (21%) showed AI, and also 15 tumors (21%) carried at least one somatic mutation. Thirteen of the detected alterations were novel variations: seven frameshifts, four missense mutations and two polymorphisms. Biallelic inactivation was found in 15 patients (21%). These results suggest that the inactivation of the APC gene is very common in sporadic colorectal cancer, and the main inactivation mechanism of the APC gene is promoter hypermethylation. Allelic imbalance has the same frequency as mutations, and mutations in the APC gene are more common in the early stages and in tumors located in the rectum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-56
Number of pages6
JournalPathology and Oncology Research
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2008

Keywords

  • APC
  • Allelic imbalance
  • Mutation
  • Promoter hypermethylation
  • Sporadic colorectal cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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