Solvent-free Sc3N@C80-Ih and its precursor cocrystal with toluene

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Abstract

Solvent-free Sc3N@C80-Ih was prepared for the first time in high quality microcrystalline form via thermal decomposition of its toluene cocrystal. The production route and structural studies of both materials are presented. The structures were determined by X-ray powder diffraction, and confirmed by cohesion energy calculations. The solvent-free endohedral fullerene forms face centered cubic crystals with lattice parameter a = 15.611 Å and the molecules are orientationally disordered. This is a new member of the high-symmetry isostructural expansion series of fullerenes. The parent cocrystals precipitated from toluene possess 1:1 stoichiometry; their structure is orthorhombic of Cmcm space-group. At room temperature the toluene molecules are located in large cavities in a severely disordered way. A symmetry lowering phase transition is observed on cooling indicating the dynamic nature of the disorder. The decomposition, assisted by toluene diffusion at elevated temperatures, is also analyzed in detail.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)557-565
Number of pages9
JournalFullerenes Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 3 2015

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Keywords

  • ScN@C
  • X-ray powder diffraction
  • cocrystal
  • endohedral fullerene
  • energy calculation supramolecular interaction
  • thermal decomposition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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