Socioeconomic factors, severity of depressive symptomatology, and sickness absence rate in the Hungarian population

M. Kopp, Árpád Skrabski, Sándor Szedmák

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We analysed the relationships between socioeconomic factors, severity of depressive symptomatology, and sickness absence rate in an active (working and studying) population of 20,902 persons representative of the Hungarian population over the age of 16 by age, sex, and place of residence. The severity of depression was very closely correlated with sick leave. Hierarchical log linear analysis was performed to investigate the interactive effects of socioeconomic factors, severity of depressive symptomatology, and sickness absence rate. Material socioeconomic factors such as housing situation, access to a car, and owning properties had no direct impact on sick leave, unless mediated by the effect of depression. All of the measured socioeconomic factors, with the exception of place of residence, were closely connected with depressive symptomatology, and depression appeared to mediate between socioeconomic factors and higher sickness absence rate. A vicious circle might be hypothesized between depression and a socially deprived situation, which plays a significant causal role in ill health.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1019-1029
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Psychosomatic Research
Volume39
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1995

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Keywords

  • Depressive symptoms
  • Health inequalities
  • National representative study
  • Sickness absence rate
  • Socioeconomic factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Socioeconomic factors, severity of depressive symptomatology, and sickness absence rate in the Hungarian population. / Kopp, M.; Skrabski, Árpád; Szedmák, Sándor.

In: Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Vol. 39, No. 8, 11.1995, p. 1019-1029.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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