Social inequalities in self-perceived health: Comparing Hungarian and ethnic minority adolescents from Transylvania, Rumania

B. Pikó, László Brassai, Kevin M. Fitzpatrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study is to analyse the relationship between parental socioeconomic status (SES) (both objective and subjective) and perceived health in two samples of Eastern European adolescents and to detect gender differences in the background variables. The data used in this study came from two cross-sectional surveys of high school students' health in Southern Hungary (Szeged and its metropolitan area, N = 881, mean age = 16.6 years, S.D. = 1.3 years) and Middle Transylvania, Rumania (Sfantu Gheorghe/Sepsiszentgyorgy and its metropolitan area, N = 1,977, mean age = 16.8 years, S.D. = 1.0 years). Both objective and subjective social status measures were utilized. SES self-assessment is a strong, universal and gradient-like predictor of adolescents' self-perceived health. Objective socioeconomic variables are weaker and appear to have a nongradient-like relationship with self-perceived health. The greatest sample difference was that parents' unemployment status played a greater role in self-perceived health among Transylvanian youth. The role of socioeconomic factors appears to be more salient in girls. Social inequalities in self-perceived health may be detected among adolescents but in seemingly different ways than among adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-45
Number of pages17
JournalEuropean Journal of Mental Health
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Transylvania
Romania
social inequality
national minority
adolescent
Health
health
Social Class
social status
Diagnostic Self Evaluation
School Health Services
Unemployment
Hungary
agglomeration area
Cross-Sectional Studies
Parents
socioeconomic factors
self-assessment
Students
unemployment

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Culture
  • Family structure
  • Health inequalities
  • Parents
  • Self-perceived health
  • Subjective ses
  • Unemployment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Social inequalities in self-perceived health : Comparing Hungarian and ethnic minority adolescents from Transylvania, Rumania. / Pikó, B.; Brassai, László; Fitzpatrick, Kevin M.

In: European Journal of Mental Health, Vol. 8, No. 1, 2013, p. 29-45.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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