Társas és egyéni pszichológiai tényezôk szerepe a serdülôk rizikómagatartásában

Translated title of the contribution: Social-and individual-level psychological factors in the background of Hungarian adolescents' risk behaviors

Szabolcs Varga, Bettina Pikó

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Adult risk behaviors usually originate in adolescence. Thus, it is highly important to examine and understand these behaviors in this age group. Goal: To examine the associations of social- and individual-level psychological factors with risk behaviors (alcohol and tobacco use) among Hungarian adolescents. Methods: Our sample contains adolescents from 22 classes of three high schools, which were selected randomly. Altogether, 501 (34% male, 66% female; mean age = 16.37 years) students were surveyed. The participation was anonymous and voluntary. Among individual-level psychological variables, frequency of psychosomatic symptoms, shyness, loneliness, self-esteem, need to belong, and competitiveness were included. Individual, best friend's and peer group's smoking and alcohol use were also measured. Results: According to our results, (1) primary determinants of Hungarian adolescents' risk behaviors are the social-level factors; (2) among individuallevel variables, psychosomatic symptoms, self-esteem and competitiveness correlated with higher level of alcohol and tobacco use, while shyness and loneliness were inversely related to these risk behaviors. Conclusions: Health promotion cannot work effectively without the involvement of the whole society. In a peer group, which supports risk behaviors, several dimensions of psychological well-being can correlate with higher level of alcohol use and smoking. Therefore, it is important that prevention should focus on the norms of the society as well.

Translated title of the contributionSocial-and individual-level psychological factors in the background of Hungarian adolescents' risk behaviors
Original languageHungarian
Pages (from-to)35-54
Number of pages20
JournalMentalhigiene es Pszichoszomatika
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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