Background: Adult risk behaviors usually originate in adolescence. Thus, it is highly important to examine and understand these behaviors in this age group. Goal: To examine the associations of social- and individual-level psychological factors with risk behaviors (alcohol and tobacco use) among Hungarian adolescents. Methods: Our sample contains adolescents from 22 classes of three high schools, which were selected randomly. Altogether, 501 (34% male, 66% female; mean age = 16.37 years) students were surveyed. The participation was anonymous and voluntary. Among individual-level psychological variables, frequency of psychosomatic symptoms, shyness, loneliness, self-esteem, need to belong, and competitiveness were included. Individual, best friend's and peer group's smoking and alcohol use were also measured. Results: According to our results, (1) primary determinants of Hungarian adolescents' risk behaviors are the social-level factors; (2) among individuallevel variables, psychosomatic symptoms, self-esteem and competitiveness correlated with higher level of alcohol and tobacco use, while shyness and loneliness were inversely related to these risk behaviors. Conclusions: Health promotion cannot work effectively without the involvement of the whole society. In a peer group, which supports risk behaviors, several dimensions of psychological well-being can correlate with higher level of alcohol use and smoking. Therefore, it is important that prevention should focus on the norms of the society as well.
|Translated title of the contribution||Social-and individual-level psychological factors in the background of Hungarian adolescents' risk behaviors|
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||Mentalhigiene es Pszichoszomatika|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2015|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health