SN 2012cg

EVIDENCE for INTERACTION between A NORMAL SN Ia and A NON-DEGENERATE BINARY COMPANION

G. H. Marion, Peter J. Brown, J. Vinkó, Jeffrey M. Silverman, David J. Sand, Peter Challis, Robert P. Kirshner, J. Craig Wheeler, Perry Berlind, Warren R. Brown, Michael L. Calkins, Yssavo Camacho, Govinda Dhungana, Ryan J. Foley, Andrew S. Friedman, Melissa L. Graham, D. Andrew Howell, Eric Y. Hsiao, Jonathan M. Irwin, Saurabh W. Jha & 9 others Robert Kehoe, Lucas M. Macri, Keiichi Maeda, Kaisey Mandel, Curtis McCully, Viraj Pandya, Kenneth J. Rines, Steven Wilhelmy, Weikang Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report evidence for excess blue light from the Type Ia supernova (Sn Ia) SN 2012cg at 15 and 16 days before maximum B-band brightness. The emission is consistent with predictions for the impact of the supernova on a non-degenerate binary companion. This is the first evidence for emission from a companion to a normal SN Ia. Sixteen days before maximum light, the color of SN 2012cg is 0.2 mag bluer than for other normal SN Ia. At later times, this supernova has a typical SN Ia light curve, with extinction-corrected mag and . Our data set is extensive, with photometry in seven filters from five independent sources. Early spectra also show the effects of blue light, and high-velocity features are observed at early times. Near maximum, the spectra are normal with a silicon velocity vSi = -10,500 km s-1. Comparing the early data with models by Kasen favors a main-sequence companion of about six solar masses. It is possible that many other SN Ia have main-sequence companions that have eluded detection because the emission from the impact is fleeting and faint.

Original languageEnglish
Article number92
Pages (from-to)1DUMMY
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume820
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2016

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supernovae
light curve
photometry
brightness
extinction
silicon
color
filters
predictions
filter
prediction

Keywords

  • supernovae: general
  • supernovae: individual (2012cg)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Marion, G. H., Brown, P. J., Vinkó, J., Silverman, J. M., Sand, D. J., Challis, P., ... Zheng, W. (2016). SN 2012cg: EVIDENCE for INTERACTION between A NORMAL SN Ia and A NON-DEGENERATE BINARY COMPANION. Astrophysical Journal, 820(2), 1DUMMY. [92]. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/820/2/92

SN 2012cg : EVIDENCE for INTERACTION between A NORMAL SN Ia and A NON-DEGENERATE BINARY COMPANION. / Marion, G. H.; Brown, Peter J.; Vinkó, J.; Silverman, Jeffrey M.; Sand, David J.; Challis, Peter; Kirshner, Robert P.; Wheeler, J. Craig; Berlind, Perry; Brown, Warren R.; Calkins, Michael L.; Camacho, Yssavo; Dhungana, Govinda; Foley, Ryan J.; Friedman, Andrew S.; Graham, Melissa L.; Howell, D. Andrew; Hsiao, Eric Y.; Irwin, Jonathan M.; Jha, Saurabh W.; Kehoe, Robert; Macri, Lucas M.; Maeda, Keiichi; Mandel, Kaisey; McCully, Curtis; Pandya, Viraj; Rines, Kenneth J.; Wilhelmy, Steven; Zheng, Weikang.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 820, No. 2, 92, 01.04.2016, p. 1DUMMY.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Marion, GH, Brown, PJ, Vinkó, J, Silverman, JM, Sand, DJ, Challis, P, Kirshner, RP, Wheeler, JC, Berlind, P, Brown, WR, Calkins, ML, Camacho, Y, Dhungana, G, Foley, RJ, Friedman, AS, Graham, ML, Howell, DA, Hsiao, EY, Irwin, JM, Jha, SW, Kehoe, R, Macri, LM, Maeda, K, Mandel, K, McCully, C, Pandya, V, Rines, KJ, Wilhelmy, S & Zheng, W 2016, 'SN 2012cg: EVIDENCE for INTERACTION between A NORMAL SN Ia and A NON-DEGENERATE BINARY COMPANION', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 820, no. 2, 92, pp. 1DUMMY. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/820/2/92
Marion, G. H. ; Brown, Peter J. ; Vinkó, J. ; Silverman, Jeffrey M. ; Sand, David J. ; Challis, Peter ; Kirshner, Robert P. ; Wheeler, J. Craig ; Berlind, Perry ; Brown, Warren R. ; Calkins, Michael L. ; Camacho, Yssavo ; Dhungana, Govinda ; Foley, Ryan J. ; Friedman, Andrew S. ; Graham, Melissa L. ; Howell, D. Andrew ; Hsiao, Eric Y. ; Irwin, Jonathan M. ; Jha, Saurabh W. ; Kehoe, Robert ; Macri, Lucas M. ; Maeda, Keiichi ; Mandel, Kaisey ; McCully, Curtis ; Pandya, Viraj ; Rines, Kenneth J. ; Wilhelmy, Steven ; Zheng, Weikang. / SN 2012cg : EVIDENCE for INTERACTION between A NORMAL SN Ia and A NON-DEGENERATE BINARY COMPANION. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2016 ; Vol. 820, No. 2. pp. 1DUMMY.
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AU - Brown, Peter J.

AU - Vinkó, J.

AU - Silverman, Jeffrey M.

AU - Sand, David J.

AU - Challis, Peter

AU - Kirshner, Robert P.

AU - Wheeler, J. Craig

AU - Berlind, Perry

AU - Brown, Warren R.

AU - Calkins, Michael L.

AU - Camacho, Yssavo

AU - Dhungana, Govinda

AU - Foley, Ryan J.

AU - Friedman, Andrew S.

AU - Graham, Melissa L.

AU - Howell, D. Andrew

AU - Hsiao, Eric Y.

AU - Irwin, Jonathan M.

AU - Jha, Saurabh W.

AU - Kehoe, Robert

AU - Macri, Lucas M.

AU - Maeda, Keiichi

AU - Mandel, Kaisey

AU - McCully, Curtis

AU - Pandya, Viraj

AU - Rines, Kenneth J.

AU - Wilhelmy, Steven

AU - Zheng, Weikang

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N2 - We report evidence for excess blue light from the Type Ia supernova (Sn Ia) SN 2012cg at 15 and 16 days before maximum B-band brightness. The emission is consistent with predictions for the impact of the supernova on a non-degenerate binary companion. This is the first evidence for emission from a companion to a normal SN Ia. Sixteen days before maximum light, the color of SN 2012cg is 0.2 mag bluer than for other normal SN Ia. At later times, this supernova has a typical SN Ia light curve, with extinction-corrected mag and . Our data set is extensive, with photometry in seven filters from five independent sources. Early spectra also show the effects of blue light, and high-velocity features are observed at early times. Near maximum, the spectra are normal with a silicon velocity vSi = -10,500 km s-1. Comparing the early data with models by Kasen favors a main-sequence companion of about six solar masses. It is possible that many other SN Ia have main-sequence companions that have eluded detection because the emission from the impact is fleeting and faint.

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