Small extracellular vesicles isolated from serum may serve as signal-enhancers for the monitoring of cns tumors

Gabriella Dobra, Matyas Bukva, Zoltan Szabo, Bella Bruszel, Maria Harmati, Edina Gyukity-Sebestyen, Adrienn Jenei, Monika Szucs, Peter Horvath, Tamas Biro, Almos Klekner, Krisztina Buzas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Liquid biopsy-based methods to test biomarkers (e.g., serum proteins and extracellular vesicles) may help to monitor brain tumors. In this proteomics-based study, we aimed to identify a characteristic protein fingerprint associated with central nervous system (CNS) tumors. Overall, 96 human serum samples were obtained from four patient groups, namely glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), non-small-cell lung cancer brain metastasis (BM), meningioma (M) and lumbar disc hernia patients (CTRL). After the isolation and characterization of small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) by nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA) and atomic force microscopy (AFM), liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) was performed on two different sample types (whole serum and serum sEVs). Statistical analyses (ratio, Cohen’s d, receiver operating characteristic; ROC) were carried out to compare patient groups. To recognize differences between the two sample types, pairwise comparisons (Welch’s test) and ingenuity pathway analysis (IPA) were performed. According to our knowledge, this is the first study that compares the proteome of whole serum and serum-derived sEVs. From the 311 proteins identified, 10 whole serum proteins and 17 sEV proteins showed the highest intergroup differences. Sixty-five proteins were significantly enriched in sEV samples, while 129 proteins were significantly depleted compared to whole serum. Based on principal component analysis (PCA) analyses, sEVs are more suitable to discriminate between the patient groups. Our results support that sEVs have greater potential to monitor CNS tumors, than whole serum.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5359
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume21
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2020

Keywords

  • Cancer biomarker
  • Extracellular vesicles
  • Proteomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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