1. Conventional microelectrode techniques were used to measure simultaneous changes in membrane potential (Vm) and conductance (Gm) induced by single electrical stimuli in muscles bathed in Cl(-)-free solution containing 40 mM of tetraethylammonium (TEA+). 2. Stimulation induced slow transient depolarizations (slow response) accompanied by increased calcium conductance, while the potassium conductance was first elevated and later reduced. 3. Stepwise elevation of [K+]0 from 2.5 to 5 or 10 mM during the slow response evoked an abrupt repolarization of 42.3 +/- 8.9 mV (n = 4; p less than 0.001), and 24.8 +/- 3.5 +/- mV (n = 5; p less than 0.001), respectively, while Gm was increased to 1.45 +/- 0.25-fold (n = 5; p less than 0.05). Neither the slow response nor K(+)-induced changes in Vm or Gm were sensitive to tetrodotoxin (3 microM), however, nifedipine (10 microM) abolised the slow response. 4. It was concluded that beyond the increase of calcium conductance, the ionic conductance of the inward rectifier K+ channel was reduced during the slow response, which could be restored by the elevation of [K+]0. The results suggest the possible contribution of these mechanisms to the electrical instability of myotonic muscles. Potential therapeutic consequences are discussed.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Acta physiologica Hungarica|
|Publication status||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)