The activity and selectivity of three samples of 8% Pt-NaY calcined at 633, 723, and 823 K, respectively, have been probed with n-hexane as the model reactant at 603 K and subatmospheric pressures in a glass closed-loop reactor. These catalysts were compared with 6.3% Pt/SiO2 (EUROPT-1), HY, and a physical mixture of the latter two. The activity of all Pt-NaY catalysts is superior to EUROPT-1 and they deactivate more slowly. The selectivity pattern of all Pt-NaY samples is closer to that characteristic of monofunctional Pt catalysts, as opposed to the pronounced acidic character of pure HY and the mechanical mixtures. The sample calcined at 633 K, which has the highest dispersion and probably contains Pt particles anchored to the support as [Ptn - Hx]x+ entities, shows the highest aromatization selectivity. The sample precalcined at 823 K with the lowest dispersion has a pronouncedly high skeletal isomerization selectivity. The isomerization pathway may be related to the C5 cyclic route on metal sites that are more abundant on the larger crystallites of this catalyst and are more easily accessible with its partially collapsed zeolite framework. Characteristic differences between samples in the response of their catalytic performance to changes in hydrogen and hydrocarbon pressure are discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry