Size-distribution and characterization of tungsten nanoparticles generated by laser assisted chemical vapor deposition and pulsed laser ablation

Lars Landström, Mats Boman, Peter Heszler

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article


Two different laser techniques for producing tungsten-based nanoparticles have been compared in this investigation. The particles were produced by Laser assisted Chemical Vapor Deposition (LCVD) from WF6/H2/Ar gas mixtures, and by Pulsed Laser Ablation (PLA) of a solid W target in N2 atmosphere, respectively. An ArF excimer laser (λ = 193 nm) was used as the light source for both methods. The ablation was performed at atmospheric pressure which allowed for direct size-distribution determination by a Differential Mobility Analyzer (DMA), and a subsequent deposition of size-selected monodisperse particles. The deposits were characterized by using TEM. SEM, XRD, and XPS techniques. Optical emission spectroscopy was capable of monitoring the temperature of the particles by measuring the emitted thermal radiation from the laser-excited nanoparticles during LCVD. Strong evaporation, due to high temperature of the particles, affects the size-distribution as the laser fluence is increased. Coagulation widens and alters the size-distribution as the partial pressure of WF6 is increased; according to TEM analysis of the deposits. Lognormal distribution was found at low WF6 partial pressures. However, laser ablation at fluences below the ablation threshold yielded a non-lognormal size-distribution with a continuous decreasing occurrence as the particle diameter increased in the observed size-window (7-133 nm in diameter). Crystalline (Β-phase) particles could be formed by LCVD, but only amorphous WNx (x ∼ 0.3) particles were obtained by PLA in a N2 ambient. The differences in size-distributions and crystallinity for LCVD- and PLA-produced particles are discussed on a basis that diverse mechanisms lead to particle formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-57
Number of pages11
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2002
EventProperties of Metal Nanostructures - Seattle, WA, United States
Duration: Jul 10 2002Jul 11 2002



  • Ablation
  • DMA
  • LCVD
  • Size-distribution
  • Tungsten nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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