Single-shot extreme-ultraviolet wavefront measurements of high-order harmonics

Hugo Dacasa, Hélène Coudert-Alteirac, Chen Guo, Emma Kueny, Filippo Campi, Jan Lahl, Jasper Peschel, Hampus Wikmark, Balázs Major, Erik Malm, Domenico Alj, K. Varjú, Cord L. Arnold, Guillaume Dovillaire, Per Johnsson, Anne L’Huillier, Sylvain Maclot, Piotr Rudawski, Philippe Zeitoun

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Abstract

We perform wavefront measurements of high-order harmonics using an extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) Hartmann sensor and study how their spatial properties vary with different generation parameters, such as pressure in the nonlinear medium, fundamental pulse energy and duration as well as beam size. In some conditions, excellent wavefront quality (up to λ/11) was obtained. The high throughput of the intense XUV beamline at the Lund Laser Centre allows us to perform single-shot measurements of both the full harmonic beam generated in argon and individual harmonics selected by multilayer mirrors. We theoretically analyze the relationship between the spatial properties of the fundamental and those of the generated high-order harmonics, thus gaining insight into the fundamental mechanisms involved in high-order harmonic generation (HHG).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2656-2670
Number of pages15
JournalOptics Express
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 4 2019

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Dacasa, H., Coudert-Alteirac, H., Guo, C., Kueny, E., Campi, F., Lahl, J., Peschel, J., Wikmark, H., Major, B., Malm, E., Alj, D., Varjú, K., Arnold, C. L., Dovillaire, G., Johnsson, P., L’Huillier, A., Maclot, S., Rudawski, P., & Zeitoun, P. (2019). Single-shot extreme-ultraviolet wavefront measurements of high-order harmonics. Optics Express, 27(3), 2656-2670. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.27.002656