Single nucleotide polymorphisms: Aging and diseases

B. Bessenyei, M. Márka, L. Urbán, M. Zeher, I. Semsei

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Differences of more than 3 million nucleotides can bee seen comparing the genomes of two individuals as a result of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP). More and more SNPs can be identified and it seems that these alterations are behind of several biological phenomena. Personal differences in these nucleotides result for example in elevated disease susceptibilities, that is, certain nucleotides are more frequent in patients suffering from different diseases comparing to the healthy population. SNPs may cause substantial alterations in the cells, e.g. the enzyme activity of the respective gene changes, but in other cases the effects of the SNPs are not so pronounced. Later results indicate that SNPs can be rendered to individuals living a longer life than the average. Perhaps these results will not directly lead to the lengthening of the maximal life span; however, genes that play an important role in the aging process could be identified. In this respect SNPs are important factors in determining the information level of the cells of individuals which determines the maximal life span (I. Semsei: On the nature of aging. Mech. Ageing Dev. 2000; 117: 93-108), in turn SNP is one of the factors that determine the aging process. Since there are certain age-related diseases, the discovery and the description of the SNPs as a function of age and diseases may result in a better understanding of the common roots of aging and those diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-303
Number of pages13
JournalBiogerontology
Volume5
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2004

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Keywords

  • Aging process
  • Diseases
  • Genetic alterations
  • Polymorphism
  • SNP
  • Susceptibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Bessenyei, B., Márka, M., Urbán, L., Zeher, M., & Semsei, I. (2004). Single nucleotide polymorphisms: Aging and diseases. Biogerontology, 5(5), 291-303. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10522-004-2567-y