The proteosome inhibitor bortezomib is used in the treatment of patients with multiple myeloma. Proteosomes are responsible for the degradation of I-κB, the inhibitory protein of transcription factor nuclear factor kappa B (Nf-κB). The heat shock protein (HSP) inducing effect of bortezomib is also documented. The aim of our work was to test the anti-inflammatory effect of bortezomib in cholecystokinin-octapeptide (CCK-8)-induced acute pancreatitis. Male Wistar rats were divided into three groups (n = 8 in each). Group P received an i.p. injection of physiological saline (p.s.) 60 min. before the induction of acute pancreatitis by three hourly s.c. injections of 100 μg/kg CCK-8. Group BP received 1 mg/kg bortezomib dissolved in p.s. 1 h previous to pancreatitis induction. Group C was treated with the vehicle (p.s.). Animals were exsanguinated 4 h after the last injection of CCK-8. Bortezomib pre-treatment significantly reduced the pancreatic weight/body weight ratio, and improved the histology by decreasing the extent of vacuolization and infiltration. Bortezomib pre-treatment inhibited I-κBβ degradation, and induced the synthesis of HSP72. The results confirmed the anti-inflammatory effect of bortezomib in acute experimental pancreatitis. This effect of the drug is presumably mediated by the inhibition of Nf-κB activation and induction of HSP synthesis.
- Acute pancreatitis
ASJC Scopus subject areas