Systemic lupus erythematosus is a frequent autoimmune disease, affecting several organs, including the brain, spinal cord and nerves. Cerebral vasculitis, transverse myelitis and polyneuropathy are the most common neurological manifestations. We report a case of a 46 years old woman who suffered incomplete transverse myelitis at the age of 44. After 2 years the second relapse presented with arthralgias, painful paraesthesias and weakness of the lower limbs. Neurological signs suggested involvement of the central and the peripheral nervous system. Based upon clinical and laboratory findings systemic lupus erythematosus was diagnosed. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed two hyperintense lesions on T2 weighted scans within the cervical spinal cord. The brain scan was normal. Protein content was slightly elevated in the cerebrospinal fluid, with normal cell count. Electrophysiological examinations diagnosed a subacute sensory-motor axonal polyneuropathy. On methylprednisolone treatment her condition improved. Simultaneous development of central and peripheral lesions of the nervous system in cases with systemic lupus erythematosus may lead to a challenge to establish the diagnosis.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 30 2007|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology