OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of removing bilateral kidney stones simultaneously from children, in one session. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirteen patients (three girls and 10 boys, 26 kidneys; mean age 8 years, range 3-14) underwent simultaneous bilateral percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in the same session, under general anaesthesia, starting with ureteric catheter insertion into both kidneys and using a 26 F adult nephroscope. The mean (range) stone diameter was 2 (1-3.5) cm. Three patients had staghorn stones in one of their kidneys. Ultrasonic disintegration was used; two patients had bilateral and two others unilateral endopylotomy, and one patient had percutaneous suprapubic cystolithotomy in the same session. The mean (range) operative duration was 65 (55-90) min. RESULTS: All patients were rendered stone-free; there was no severe bleeding or any other complication. On one side in one of the patients, a second session was needed because of residual stone. The nephrostomy tubes were removed 3 and 4 days after PCNL and the hospital stay was 6 (1-11) days. CONCLUSION: The advantages of simultaneous bilateral PCNL are reduced psychological stress, one cystoscopy and anaesthesia, less medication and a shorter hospital stay and convalescence, with considerable savings in cost. In experienced hands this method can be used not only in adults but also in children. To our knowledge this is the only report of this technique in children.
- Simultaneous PCNL
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