Signs of environmental change as reflected by soil and vegetation on sandy areas in the Carpathian Basin

Károly Penksza, Szilvia Ádám, Péter Csontos, Márton Vona, Ákos Malatinszky

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Soil and vegetation are good indicators of environmental changes. The examined area is semi-arid, extreme dry where open grassland is the typical vegetation. Soils are dry and sandy with vegetation types showing xerotherm characteristics and dominated by endemic species. Urbanization caused growth of nitrate content in the degraded, shallow, sandy soils, while the physiognomy of the vegetation remained the same with some changes in the species composition: the amount of weeds and species resistant to disturbance has increased and the Cynodon dactylon has become dominant on grasslands. Among values measured in the upper soil, humus and lime content are higher in quadrates dominated by Festuca pseudovaginata and, on the contrary, K 2O, P 2O 5 and total-N show higher values on the area of Festuca vaginata. A new species, Festuca pseudovaginata has appeared in an environment influenced by humans at a higher extent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1063-1066
Number of pages4
JournalCereal Research Communications
Issue numberSUPPL. 5
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2008



  • Festuca pseudovaginata
  • Festuca vaginata
  • Grasslands
  • Human disturbance
  • Soil chemistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics

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