Signatures of the day-night asymmetry of the Earth-ionosphere cavity in high time resolution Schumann resonance records

Gabriella Sátori, Mariusz Neska, Earle Williams, Judit Szendröi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High time resolution Schumann resonance (SR) records are analyzed at a midlatitude (Nagycenk, 47.6°N, 16.7°E, Hungary) and a north polar (Hornsund, 77°N, 15.5°E, Spitsbergen) station from the point of view of the day-night asymmetry of the Earth-ionosphere cavity. The vertical electric field component, EZ, at Nagycenk in quasi-minute time resolution exhibits jump-like increases of SR amplitudes between the local ionospheric and surface sunrise times and sharp decreases between the local surface and ionospheric sunset times. These amplitude variations depend on frequency, increase with increasing mode number, and occur simultaneously in the three SR modes studied here. The duration of the sharp frequency-dependent amplitude changes is generally less than 30 min. The accurate timing (''clock-like accuracy'') of these sharp SR amplitude variations of about 12-25% in the local sunrise/sunset periods and their frequency dependence make these changes distinguishable from the amplitude variations related to the lightning source properties and strongly suggest an ionospheric origin for these sharp amplitude variations. The signature of the day-night asymmetry of the Earth-ionosphere cavity can also be found at Hornsund in the two short spring and autumn periods with alternating day and night periods every day, in the form of an enhanced day-night contrast of the SR amplitudes with consistent frequency dependence for the first three SR modes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberRS2S10
JournalRadio Science
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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