Signalling mechanisms and the role of calcineurin in erythropoiesis

Mária Magócsi, Ágota Apáti, Róbert Gáti, Attila Kolonics

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Erythropoietin (Epo) is the principal regulator of the production of circulating erythrocytes by controlling the proliferation, the differentiation and the survival of the erythroid progenitor cells. Early down-regulation of c-myb expression in erythroleukemia cells is a common feature of the action of Epo and chemical inducers-of differentiation such as DMSO. Previously we have shown that in our Epo-responsive murine erythroleukemia cell line ELM-I-1, [Ca2+](i) increasing agents can mimic the effect of Epo on c-myb expression and activate nuclear signal transduction processes involved in the induction of hemoglobin synthesis. These results also indicated that the Ca2+-induced down-regulation of c- myb expression and hemoglobin synthesis are mediated by the Ca2+/calmodulin dependent serine/threonine-specific protein phosphatase PP2B, calcineurin, but the Epo induced processes are not mediated by PP2B. In spite of this, we demonstrated in this paper that in ELM-I-1 cells the Epo-induced down- regulation of c-myb expression and hemoglobin production can be effectively enhanced by the simultaneously added [Ca2+](i)-increasing agent, cyclopiazonic acid (CPA). This observation further supports the existence of at least two independent signalling pathways in the mechanism of Epo and [Ca2+](i) increasing agents and the strong correlation between c-myb expression and hemoglobin production in differentiating cells. Although the c-AMP-response element binding protein (CREB) could be the common target of both calcium-dependent and -independent dephosphorylation, our results do not support the involvement of CREB in the regulation of c-myb gene expression. In addition to the calcineurin mediated down-regulation of c-myb expression, we have found a negative regulatory effect in the Ca2+-mediated transcriptional activation of certain genes. In response to [Ca2+](i)- increasing agents in ELM-I-1 cells, both, egr-1 and c-fos mRNA expression increased significantly after the inhibition of calcineurin by cyclosporine A. Cyclosporin A exerted stimulatory effects on the egr-1 and c-fos expression also at lower (150-400 nM) intracellular Ca2+ levels. This potential co-regulation of c-myb, egr-1 and c-fos expression by calcineurin suggests that the negative modulation of egr-1 and c-fos expression may also be important for the induction of erythroid differentiation by [Ca2+](i)- increasing agents. This negative modulation may also contribute to the Epo- induced differentiation in the case of a moderate increase of [Ca2+](i).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-195
Number of pages9
JournalImmunology letters
Volume68
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 3 1999

Keywords

  • Calcineurin
  • Calcium
  • Cell proliferation
  • Differentiation
  • Erythropoietin
  • Signal transduction
  • Transcription factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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