Signal transduction of erbB receptors in trastuzumab (herceptin) sensitive and resistant cell lines: Local stimulation using magnetic microspheres as assessed by quantitative digital microscopy

Elza Friedländer, Donna J. Arndt-Jovin, Péter Nagy, Thomas M. Jovin, J. Szöllősi, G. Vereb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: ErbB2 (HER-2), a member of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor family, is a class I transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinase. Although erbB2 has no known physiologic ligand, it can form complexes with other members of the family and undergo transactivation of its very potent kinase activity, thereby initiating down-stream signaling and cell proliferation. ErbB2 is a frequent pathologic marker in ductal invasive breast carcinomas and is targeted by using a specific humanized monoclonal antibody, trastuzumab (Herceptin). The antibody is effective in only 20% to 50% of erbB2-positive tumors, and this resistance, as yet poorly understood, constitutes a major therapeutic challenge. Methods: Magnetic microspheres coated with ligands or antibodies are widely used for separation of proteins and cells and allow localized, high intensity, and precisely timed stimulation of cells. We used EGF- and trastuzumab-covered paramagnetic microspheres, quantitative confocal laser scanning microscopy, and digital image processing to investigate the (trans)activation of and local signal propagation from erbB1 and erbB2 on trastuzumab sensitive and resistant carcinoma cell lines expressing these receptors at high levels. Results: On A431 cells expressing high levels of endogenous erbB1 and transfected erbB2-mYFP (A4-erbB2-mYFP F4 cell line), EGF-coupled-microspheres activated erbB1 and transactivated erbB2-mYFP. In two other cell lines with comparable erbB2 expression but lower levels of erbB1, EGF microspheres transactivated erbB2 less efficiently. Trastuzumab in solution activated erbB2 on A4-erbB2-mYFP and the trastuzumab sensitive SKBR-3 cells, but only negligibly on the resistant JIMT-1 cells that showed a 10 times higher Kd for the antibody. Nevertheless, pronounced erbB2 activation and tyrosine phosphorylation could be detected after stimulation with trastuzumab-coupled microspheres in all cell lines, although transactivation of erbB1 was negligible. Receptor phosphorylation was restricted to the immediate proximity of the microspheres, i.e., receptor clusters external to these locations remained inactive. Conclusion: ErbB1 ligand and erbB2 specific antibody attached to magnetic microspheres are efficient tools in assessing erbB activation, localized signal propagation, and erbB heterodimer formation. Trastuzumab coupled to microspheres is more efficient at accessing erbB2 and activating it than trastuzumab in solution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-171
Number of pages11
JournalCytometry Part A
Volume67
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2005

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Microspheres
Microscopy
Signal Transduction
Cell Line
Epidermal Growth Factor
Antibodies
Ligands
Transcriptional Activation
Phosphorylation
Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast
Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
Trastuzumab
ErbB Receptors
Cell Separation
Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor
Confocal Microscopy
Tyrosine
Phosphotransferases
Cell Proliferation

Keywords

  • Confocal laser scanning microscopy
  • Epidermal growth factor receptor
  • ErbB tyrosine kinases
  • ErbB2
  • Localized signal spreading
  • Paramagnetic microspheres
  • Receptor phosphorylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Biophysics
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Signal transduction of erbB receptors in trastuzumab (herceptin) sensitive and resistant cell lines : Local stimulation using magnetic microspheres as assessed by quantitative digital microscopy. / Friedländer, Elza; Arndt-Jovin, Donna J.; Nagy, Péter; Jovin, Thomas M.; Szöllősi, J.; Vereb, G.

In: Cytometry Part A, Vol. 67, No. 2, 10.2005, p. 161-171.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Signal transduction of erbB receptors in trastuzumab (herceptin) sensitive and resistant cell lines: Local stimulation using magnetic microspheres as assessed by quantitative digital microscopy",
abstract = "Background: ErbB2 (HER-2), a member of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor family, is a class I transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinase. Although erbB2 has no known physiologic ligand, it can form complexes with other members of the family and undergo transactivation of its very potent kinase activity, thereby initiating down-stream signaling and cell proliferation. ErbB2 is a frequent pathologic marker in ductal invasive breast carcinomas and is targeted by using a specific humanized monoclonal antibody, trastuzumab (Herceptin). The antibody is effective in only 20{\%} to 50{\%} of erbB2-positive tumors, and this resistance, as yet poorly understood, constitutes a major therapeutic challenge. Methods: Magnetic microspheres coated with ligands or antibodies are widely used for separation of proteins and cells and allow localized, high intensity, and precisely timed stimulation of cells. We used EGF- and trastuzumab-covered paramagnetic microspheres, quantitative confocal laser scanning microscopy, and digital image processing to investigate the (trans)activation of and local signal propagation from erbB1 and erbB2 on trastuzumab sensitive and resistant carcinoma cell lines expressing these receptors at high levels. Results: On A431 cells expressing high levels of endogenous erbB1 and transfected erbB2-mYFP (A4-erbB2-mYFP F4 cell line), EGF-coupled-microspheres activated erbB1 and transactivated erbB2-mYFP. In two other cell lines with comparable erbB2 expression but lower levels of erbB1, EGF microspheres transactivated erbB2 less efficiently. Trastuzumab in solution activated erbB2 on A4-erbB2-mYFP and the trastuzumab sensitive SKBR-3 cells, but only negligibly on the resistant JIMT-1 cells that showed a 10 times higher Kd for the antibody. Nevertheless, pronounced erbB2 activation and tyrosine phosphorylation could be detected after stimulation with trastuzumab-coupled microspheres in all cell lines, although transactivation of erbB1 was negligible. Receptor phosphorylation was restricted to the immediate proximity of the microspheres, i.e., receptor clusters external to these locations remained inactive. Conclusion: ErbB1 ligand and erbB2 specific antibody attached to magnetic microspheres are efficient tools in assessing erbB activation, localized signal propagation, and erbB heterodimer formation. Trastuzumab coupled to microspheres is more efficient at accessing erbB2 and activating it than trastuzumab in solution.",
keywords = "Confocal laser scanning microscopy, Epidermal growth factor receptor, ErbB tyrosine kinases, ErbB2, Localized signal spreading, Paramagnetic microspheres, Receptor phosphorylation",
author = "Elza Friedl{\"a}nder and Arndt-Jovin, {Donna J.} and P{\'e}ter Nagy and Jovin, {Thomas M.} and J. Sz{\"o}llősi and G. Vereb",
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T1 - Signal transduction of erbB receptors in trastuzumab (herceptin) sensitive and resistant cell lines

T2 - Local stimulation using magnetic microspheres as assessed by quantitative digital microscopy

AU - Friedländer, Elza

AU - Arndt-Jovin, Donna J.

AU - Nagy, Péter

AU - Jovin, Thomas M.

AU - Szöllősi, J.

AU - Vereb, G.

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N2 - Background: ErbB2 (HER-2), a member of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor family, is a class I transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinase. Although erbB2 has no known physiologic ligand, it can form complexes with other members of the family and undergo transactivation of its very potent kinase activity, thereby initiating down-stream signaling and cell proliferation. ErbB2 is a frequent pathologic marker in ductal invasive breast carcinomas and is targeted by using a specific humanized monoclonal antibody, trastuzumab (Herceptin). The antibody is effective in only 20% to 50% of erbB2-positive tumors, and this resistance, as yet poorly understood, constitutes a major therapeutic challenge. Methods: Magnetic microspheres coated with ligands or antibodies are widely used for separation of proteins and cells and allow localized, high intensity, and precisely timed stimulation of cells. We used EGF- and trastuzumab-covered paramagnetic microspheres, quantitative confocal laser scanning microscopy, and digital image processing to investigate the (trans)activation of and local signal propagation from erbB1 and erbB2 on trastuzumab sensitive and resistant carcinoma cell lines expressing these receptors at high levels. Results: On A431 cells expressing high levels of endogenous erbB1 and transfected erbB2-mYFP (A4-erbB2-mYFP F4 cell line), EGF-coupled-microspheres activated erbB1 and transactivated erbB2-mYFP. In two other cell lines with comparable erbB2 expression but lower levels of erbB1, EGF microspheres transactivated erbB2 less efficiently. Trastuzumab in solution activated erbB2 on A4-erbB2-mYFP and the trastuzumab sensitive SKBR-3 cells, but only negligibly on the resistant JIMT-1 cells that showed a 10 times higher Kd for the antibody. Nevertheless, pronounced erbB2 activation and tyrosine phosphorylation could be detected after stimulation with trastuzumab-coupled microspheres in all cell lines, although transactivation of erbB1 was negligible. Receptor phosphorylation was restricted to the immediate proximity of the microspheres, i.e., receptor clusters external to these locations remained inactive. Conclusion: ErbB1 ligand and erbB2 specific antibody attached to magnetic microspheres are efficient tools in assessing erbB activation, localized signal propagation, and erbB heterodimer formation. Trastuzumab coupled to microspheres is more efficient at accessing erbB2 and activating it than trastuzumab in solution.

AB - Background: ErbB2 (HER-2), a member of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor family, is a class I transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinase. Although erbB2 has no known physiologic ligand, it can form complexes with other members of the family and undergo transactivation of its very potent kinase activity, thereby initiating down-stream signaling and cell proliferation. ErbB2 is a frequent pathologic marker in ductal invasive breast carcinomas and is targeted by using a specific humanized monoclonal antibody, trastuzumab (Herceptin). The antibody is effective in only 20% to 50% of erbB2-positive tumors, and this resistance, as yet poorly understood, constitutes a major therapeutic challenge. Methods: Magnetic microspheres coated with ligands or antibodies are widely used for separation of proteins and cells and allow localized, high intensity, and precisely timed stimulation of cells. We used EGF- and trastuzumab-covered paramagnetic microspheres, quantitative confocal laser scanning microscopy, and digital image processing to investigate the (trans)activation of and local signal propagation from erbB1 and erbB2 on trastuzumab sensitive and resistant carcinoma cell lines expressing these receptors at high levels. Results: On A431 cells expressing high levels of endogenous erbB1 and transfected erbB2-mYFP (A4-erbB2-mYFP F4 cell line), EGF-coupled-microspheres activated erbB1 and transactivated erbB2-mYFP. In two other cell lines with comparable erbB2 expression but lower levels of erbB1, EGF microspheres transactivated erbB2 less efficiently. Trastuzumab in solution activated erbB2 on A4-erbB2-mYFP and the trastuzumab sensitive SKBR-3 cells, but only negligibly on the resistant JIMT-1 cells that showed a 10 times higher Kd for the antibody. Nevertheless, pronounced erbB2 activation and tyrosine phosphorylation could be detected after stimulation with trastuzumab-coupled microspheres in all cell lines, although transactivation of erbB1 was negligible. Receptor phosphorylation was restricted to the immediate proximity of the microspheres, i.e., receptor clusters external to these locations remained inactive. Conclusion: ErbB1 ligand and erbB2 specific antibody attached to magnetic microspheres are efficient tools in assessing erbB activation, localized signal propagation, and erbB heterodimer formation. Trastuzumab coupled to microspheres is more efficient at accessing erbB2 and activating it than trastuzumab in solution.

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KW - Epidermal growth factor receptor

KW - ErbB tyrosine kinases

KW - ErbB2

KW - Localized signal spreading

KW - Paramagnetic microspheres

KW - Receptor phosphorylation

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