Chemotherapy is one form of tumour treatment. It includes the destruction of tumour tissue through preventing malignant cells from divison. Cytotoxic drugs effective in various stages of cell division have an irreversible effect not only on tumour cells but on healthy tissue components, too. Damage to healty cells leads to undesirable consequences, i.e. side-effects of treatment. Since most cytotoxic drugs work in similar way, they result in much the same side-effects. Among then the most widely known and for the patients the most unbearable ones are the following: loss of hair, nausea, vomiting, damage to haematopoiesis and change in mucous membranes. Beyond them, however, there are further side-effects, hardly highlighted even by treating satff, but which may varry according to drugs. Consequently, when deciding on the therapy, one should primarily consider the risk factors since the main objective is to cure the patient while keeping all their interests in mind. In this paper the authors discuss the side-effects developing in some organs. They describe the characteristics that may occur when applying certain drugs, and provide guidance on how to treat the side-effects once they developed and on how to prevent undesirable consequenses, as well.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas