Shape memory polymer system of semi-interpenetrating network structure composed of crosslinked poly (methyl methacrylate) and poly (ethylene oxide)

Debdatta Ratna, J. Karger-Kocsis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Shape memory semi-interpenetrating polymer networks (semi-IPNs) composed of crystalline poly (ethylene oxide) (PEO) and crosslinked poly (methyl methacrylate) (x-PMMA) have been investigated. The selected compositions show shape memory property with a reasonable fast recovery (recovery time ∼1 min) and shape recovery ratio of 99%. Effects of composition (x-PMMA/PEO = 80/20...60/40) and crosslinker (triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate) concentration (up to 6 wt.%) on the creep property were also studied. The recovery time of the semi-IPNs increased and the creep compliance decreased with increasing crosslinker concentration. The network structure containing PEO crystal was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) indicated that the PEO, present confined in the semi-IPN, melts at a lower temperature compared to the pure PEO. Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) showed a decrease in the glass transition (Tg) of the semi-IPN due to the phase mixing of amorphous PEO and PMMA. Both the glassy and rubbery moduli (Eg and Er, respectively) were lower for the semi-IPNs than for the x-PMMA network. On the other hand, the E g/Er ratio was markedly increased for the semi-IPNs supporting an easy shaping along with a good shape fixing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1063-1070
Number of pages8
JournalPolymer
Volume52
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 17 2011

Keywords

  • Creep
  • Semi-interpenetrating polymer network
  • Shape memory polymers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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