Sex pheromones and attractants in the Eucosmini and Grapholitini (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae)

Peter Witzgall, Jean Pierre Chambon, Marie Bengtsson, C. Rikard Unelius, Monica Appelgren, Gyorgy Makranczy, N. Muraleedharan, Darwin W. Reed, Klaus Hellrigl, Hans Ruedi Buser, Eric Hallberg, Gunnar Bergström, Miklos Tóth, Christer Löfstedt, Jan Löfqvist

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37 Citations (Scopus)


The geometric isomers (E,E)-, (E,Z)-, (Z,E)-, and (Z,Z)-8,10-dodecadien-1- yl acetate were identified as sex pheromone components or sex attractants in the tribes Eucosmini and Grapholitini of the tortricid subfamily Olethreutinae. Species belonging to the more ancestral Tortricinae were not attracted. Each one isomer was behaviourally active in males of Cydia and Grapholita (Grapholitini), either as main pheromone compound, attraction synergist or attraction inhibitor. Their reciprocal attractive/antagonistic activity in a number of species enables specific communication with these four compounds. Pammene, as well as other Grapholita and Cydia responded to the monoenic 8- or 10-dodecen-1-yl acetates. Of the tribes Olethreutini and Eucosmini, Hedya, Epiblema, Eucosma, and Notocelia trimaculana were also attracted to 8,10-dodecadien-1-yl acetates, but several other Notocelia to 10,12-tetradecadien-1-yl acetates. The female sex pheromones of C. fagiglandana, C. pyrivora, C. splendana, Epiblema foenella and Notocelia roborana were identified. (E,E)- and (E,Z)-8,10-dodecadien-1-yl acetate are produced via a common E9 desaturation pathway in C. splendana. Calling C. nigricana and C. fagiglandana females are attracted to wingfanning males.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-23
Number of pages11
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1996


  • Antagonist
  • Chemotaxonomoy
  • Evolution
  • Lepidoptera
  • Mate recognition
  • Phylogeny
  • Reproductive isolation
  • Sex pheromone
  • Synergist
  • Tortricidae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Biochemistry

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    Witzgall, P., Chambon, J. P., Bengtsson, M., Unelius, C. R., Appelgren, M., Makranczy, G., Muraleedharan, N., Reed, D. W., Hellrigl, K., Buser, H. R., Hallberg, E., Bergström, G., Tóth, M., Löfstedt, C., & Löfqvist, J. (1996). Sex pheromones and attractants in the Eucosmini and Grapholitini (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae). Chemoecology, 7(1), 13-23.