A 38-year-old, male patient, with end-stage HCV cirrhosis, underwent liver transplantation (OLT). After a sufficient recovery a rapid elevation of ALT and profound jaundice developed 3 months after OLT, together with a 15-fold rise of pre-transplant HCV RNS level. Liver biopsy was carried out, histology excluded rejection and signs of acute hepatitis were observed. Interferon alpha 2b 3 MU TIW and ribavirin 800 mg/day resulted in normalization of ALT, se. bilirubin and decrease of viral load by 90 per cent at the 3rd month of treatment. Improvement of hepatitis and no rejection was shown by control histology. A 6-month combination therapy followed by continuous ribavirin monotherapy maintains a permanent good condition with normal ALT, no icterus, a continuously low HCV RNA level and a mild chronic hepatitis with fibrosis in the liver histology 18 months after OLT. Danger of HCV reactivation after OLT, difficulties of diagnosis, interactions of immunostimulant and immunosuppressive drugs, advantages of combination therapy are discussed.
|Translated title of the contribution||Severe relapse of hepatitis C following liver transplantation. Successful treatment with a combination of interferon-alpha and ribavirin|
|Number of pages||3|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 22 1999|
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