Severe mitral regurgitation and heart failure due to caseous calcification of the mitral annulus

Zoltán Pozsonyi, Attila Tóth, Hajnalka Vágó, Zsófia Ádám, Astrid Apor, Nasri Alotti, Pál Sármán, B. Merkely, I. Karádi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Caseous calcification is a rare form of mitral annular calcification. Echocardiography reveals an echodense mass in the inferior mitral annulus with smooth borders and an echolucent inner core. We present a case where caseous calcification of the mitral annulus caused severe mitral regurgitation, atrial fibrillation and heart failure. Transthoracic echocardiography, transesophageal echocardiography, cardiac mag- netic resonance and computed tomography were performed and ensured the diagnosis. The mass was surgically removed and a prosthetic valve was implanted. We conclude that caseous calcification of the mitral annulus should be considered not only in the differential diagnosis of cardiac masses but also in the background of mitral regurgitation, atrial fibrillation and heart failure. This case also represents the usefulness of multimodal imaging in identifying cardiac masses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-82
Number of pages4
JournalCardiology (Switzerland)
Volume118
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011

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Mitral Valve Insufficiency
Atrial Fibrillation
Echocardiography
Heart Failure
Multimodal Imaging
Transesophageal Echocardiography
Differential Diagnosis
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Tomography

Keywords

  • Caseous calcification
  • Heart failure
  • Mitral annular regurgitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Severe mitral regurgitation and heart failure due to caseous calcification of the mitral annulus. / Pozsonyi, Zoltán; Tóth, Attila; Vágó, Hajnalka; Ádám, Zsófia; Apor, Astrid; Alotti, Nasri; Sármán, Pál; Merkely, B.; Karádi, I.

In: Cardiology (Switzerland), Vol. 118, No. 2, 06.2011, p. 79-82.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pozsonyi, Zoltán ; Tóth, Attila ; Vágó, Hajnalka ; Ádám, Zsófia ; Apor, Astrid ; Alotti, Nasri ; Sármán, Pál ; Merkely, B. ; Karádi, I. / Severe mitral regurgitation and heart failure due to caseous calcification of the mitral annulus. In: Cardiology (Switzerland). 2011 ; Vol. 118, No. 2. pp. 79-82.
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