Serum levels of platelet released CD40 ligand are increased in early onset occlusive carotid artery disease

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) has been suggested as a key mediator between inflammation and atherosclerosis, and the CD40-CD40L interaction has a role in atherosclerotic lesion progression. We evaluated if platelet released serum sCD40L and sCD40 levels differ between patients with early onset occlusive carotid artery disease and age-matched controls. Methods: sCD40L and sCD40 levels were measured in serum samples of 60 patients with occlusive carotid artery disease and 30 age-matched controls using ELISA. Degree of stenosis of the internal carotid artery (ICA), and intima-media thickness (IMT) in the common carotid artery were measured by high resolution ultrasound. Values are given as mean ± SD. Results: Mean age was 50.9 ± 3.5 and 50.1 ± 3.5 years in the patient and control groups. IMT was significantly thicker in patients than in controls (0.89 ± 0.14 vs. 0.78 ± 0.12 mm, p = 0.0003). Serum levels of sCD40L were significantly higher (6.9 ± 5 vs. 4.5 ± 3.0 ng/mL, p = 0.038) in patients, whereas sCD40 did not differ significantly between patients and controls (85 ± 56.9 vs. 79.3 ± 18.7 pg/mL, p = 0.34). IMT did not correlate with sCD40L or sCD40 levels (R = -0.03, p = 0.77; and R = 0.109, p = 0.308, respectively). Conclusions: sCD40L but not sCD40 levels are significantly higher in patients with occlusive carotid artery disease. Platelet derived sCD40L may be a key mediator among inflammation, thrombosis and atherosclerosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-140
Number of pages8
JournalDisease markers
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • CD40
  • CD40 ligand
  • Inflammation
  • Intima-media thickness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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