Serum Ghrelin Level and TNF-α/Ghrelin Ratio in Patients with Previous Myocardial Infarction

Krisztián Vörös, Zoltán Prohászka, Edit Kaszás, Anna Alliquander, András Terebesy, Ferenc Horváth, Leonard Janik, Ágnes Sima, Judit Forrai, Károly Cseh, László Kalabay

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7 Citations (Scopus)


Background and Aims: Studies investigating serum ghrelin level in atherosclerosis yielded contradictory results. Interaction of ghrelin with adipocytokines is obscure in cardiovascular diseases. We undertook this study to determine which molecules influence ghrelin level and to see whether post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients have decreased ghrelin levels. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, acyl-ghrelin concentration was determined by radioimmunoassay in sera of 171 patients (ages 62 ± 6 years, mean ± SD) with previous MI and 81 age-matched referent subjects. We evaluated the associations of ghrelin with insulin, adiponectin, leptin, resistin, fetuin-A and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). Results: Patients had lower ghrelin levels compared to referent subjects (240.55 ± 59.33 vs. 337.96 ± 30.75 pg/mL, p <0.001) even after excluding diabetic and obese patients (240.63 ± 54.08 vs. 337.96 ± 30.75, p <0.001). In multivariate analysis, insulin (β = -0.327, p <0.001) and adiponectin (β = 0.301, p <0.001) determined ghrelin level (R2 = 0.199, p <0.001). There was no association between ghrelin and TNF-α levels. In discriminant analysis using ghrelin, adiponectin, leptin, fetuin-A, resistin and TNF-α, the structure matrix revealed ghrelin and TNF-α as strongest predictors for belonging to the patient group (0.760 and -0.569, respectively). Using these two parameters, 89.7% of cases were correctly classified. Subjects with high TNF-α/ghrelin ratio had 11.25 times higher chance for belonging to the patient group (95% CI 5.80-21.80; χ2 (1) = 215.6, p <0.001). Conclusions: Acylated ghrelin levels are decreased in patients with coronary atherosclerosis, independently of body weight and the presence of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Ghrelin level is determined by elevated insulin and decreased adiponectin levels. Ghrelin alone or in combination with TNF-α may prove to be a novel indicator of coronary atherosclerosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)548-554
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Medical Research
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2012



  • Adiponectin
  • Ghrelin
  • Insulin
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Tumor necrosis factor-α

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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