Aims/Introduction: The relationship of chromogranin A (CgA) levels above the normal range with various outcomes, such as glycated hemoglobin levels, enterochromaffin-like cell hyperplasia and autoimmune gastritis, was investigated in type 1 diabetes patients with special regard to the progression of comorbidities. Materials and Methods: A cohort study on 153 type 1 diabetes patients was carried out with a prospective branch on clinical and laboratory data, and a retrospective branch on histological data obtained by gastroscopy. Results: Patients with CgA levels above the upper limit of the normal range (n = 28) had significantly higher glycated hemoglobin levels (P = 0.0160) than those with CgA in the normal range (n = 125). The correlation between CgA and glycated hemoglobin was significant (P < 0.0001), but weak (R = +0.32). A slight, but steady elevation (P = 0.0410) in CgA level was observed to co-vary with the duration of type 1 diabetes. Enterochromaffin-like cell hyperplasia and autoimmune gastritis was significantly more frequent (P = 0.0087 for both) in the high CgA group. Detailed analyses on gastric tissue samples confirmed a progression of enterochromaffin-like cell hyperplasia (P = 0.0192) accompanied by CgA elevation (P = 0.0316). Conclusions: The early detection and follow up of the later progression of enterochromaffin-like cell hyperplasia and autoimmune gastritis into gastric neuroendocrine tumors, which have ~100-fold greater incidence in type 1 diabetes patients, can be achieved by assessment of CgA levels. Therefore, the use of CgA could be considered as a novel auxiliary biomarker in the care of these type 1 diabetes complications.
- Autoimmune gastritis
- Chromogranin A
- Enterochromaffin-like cell hyperplasia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism