Seroprevalence of canine babesiosis in Hungary suggesting breed predisposition

S. Hornok, R. Edelhofer, R. Farkas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Six hundred fifty-one blood samples were collected from urban and rural dogs in various parts of Hungary to measure antibody levels to Babesia canis with indirect fluorescent antibody test. Thirty-seven (5.7%) of the sera showed positivity with titers between 1:80 and 1:10,240. Seroconverted dogs were found in 13 locations of the country. It is concluded that canine babesiosis is becoming more prevalent in Eastern Hungary. Seropositivity increased then declined with age, reaching a maximum in case of 3.1- to 5-year-old dogs. Prevalence of antibodies to B. canis was significantly higher among german shepherds and komondors. This suggests a genetic predisposition of german shepherd dogs to chronic babesiosis (carrier status) with long-term maintenance of their seropositivity. On the other hand, heavy-coated komondors are phenotypically more suitable for repeated exposure to ticks, potentially infected with B. canis. This is the first report on the seroprevalence of canine babesiosis in Hungary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)638-642
Number of pages5
JournalParasitology Research
Volume99
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2006

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Babesiosis
babesiosis
Hungary
Seroepidemiologic Studies
seroprevalence
Canidae
Dogs
Babesia canis
breeds
dogs
Antibodies
German Shepherd
Babesia
Ticks
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
carrier state
antibodies
blood serum
ticks
Serum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology

Cite this

Seroprevalence of canine babesiosis in Hungary suggesting breed predisposition. / Hornok, S.; Edelhofer, R.; Farkas, R.

In: Parasitology Research, Vol. 99, No. 6, 11.2006, p. 638-642.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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