Separation of the strength and selectivity of the microbiological effect of synthetic dyes by spectral mapping technique

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Abstract

The growth inhibitory effect of 30 synthetic dyes on 22 bacteria (test organisms) belonging to various taxonomic groups was determined. The strength (potency) and selectivity of the biological effect were separated by the spectral mapping technique, reducing the dimensionality of the selectivity maps to two by the nonlinear mapping technique. The relationship between biological effect and physicochemical parameters of dyes was elucidated by stepwise regression analysis. It has been established that the strength of the effect of anthracene and trityl derivatives was higher than that of azobenzene dyes and significantly depended on the hydrophobicity of the compound. The selectivity of the effect also depended on hydrophobicity and on the nonpolar unsaturated surface area of the dyes. Gram negative and Gram positive bacteria differed in the strength and selectivity of their response to dyes indicating the marked impact of the taxonomical position on the response. Contrary to other multivariate mathematical statistical methods biological activity may be divided by SPM into potency and selectivity values, therefore, application of the technique in future QSAR studies is highly recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-193
Number of pages9
JournalChemosphere
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2003

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Keywords

  • Gram negative and positive bacteria
  • Microbiological effect
  • Nonlinear mapping
  • Spectral mapping
  • Synthetic dyes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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