Sensorineural hearing loss in chronic otitis media

Zoltán Papp, Szilárd Rezes, István Jókay, István Sziklai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether chronic suppurative otitis media may cause sensorineural hearing loss, Methods: The files of 121 patients with unilateral chronic suppurative otitis media were reviewed in a retrospective study. Air conduction and bone conduction threshold averages were calculated over the speech frequencies (500 Hz, 1,000 Hz, and 2,000 Hz). Thresholds at 4 kHz were examined separately but in a similar way. Multiple linear regression models were used to clarify the relationships between sensorineural hearing loss and chronic otitis media. Results: Chronic suppurative otitis media was seen to be associated with sensorineural hearing loss. When age and normal side were corrected for, pure-tone threshold and bone conduction threshold at either the speech frequencies or at 4 kHz increased gradually according to the duration of the chronic suppurative otitis media. The threshold shift was more accentuated as age increased. The sensorineural hearing loss at 4 kHz seemed to be higher than that at the speech frequencies. Conclusions: The inner ear is vulnerable against chronic suppurative otitis media. Older age increases this vulnerability. The proximity of the sensory cells to the potential source of harm (inflamed middle ear) may mean higher exposure, as reflected by the fact that sensory cells processing higher frequencies are more seriously damaged.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-144
Number of pages4
JournalOtology and Neurotology
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2003

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Keywords

  • Chronic otitis media
  • Sensorineural hearing loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Clinical Neurology

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