Sensitivity evaluation of the Daphtoxkit and Thamnotoxkit microbiotests on blind samples

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Abstract

At the Oregon State University Workshop we utilized two 'culture/maintenance-free' microbiotests, the Thamnotoxkit F™ with the anostracan crustacean Thamnocephalus platyurus and the Daphtoxkit F™ magna with the cladoceran crustacean Daphnia magna, to determine the toxicity of water samples in a blind format. The Thamnotoxkit was applied to 7 samples and the Daphtoxkit to 12 samples. The chemical composition of the water samples to which the Toxkit microbiotests had been applied was disclosed a posteriori by the organizers and appeared to contain chlordimeform, colchicine, phosdrin, mercuric chloride, sodium arsenite, metham sodium, sodium cyanide, trimethylol propane phosphate, p-chlorophenol and a natural sediment sample containing mercury. Three of the water samples were blanks that had not been spiked with chemicals. No false positives were obtained with the two Toxkits and all the toxic waters were earmarked as such by the microbiotests, except trimethylol propane phosphate, which was not found to induce acute effects in Daphnia magna in the non-diluted water sample containing 100 mg l-1 of this compound.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-326
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Applied Toxicology
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2004

Keywords

  • Acute toxicity
  • Daphnia magna
  • Daphtoxkit
  • Microbiotests
  • Thamnocephalus platyurus
  • Thamnotoxkit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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