Sensitivity and Performance Evaluation of Multiple-Model State Estimation Algorithms for Autonomous Vehicle Functions

Olivér Tör, Tamás Becsi, Szilárd Aradi, P. Gáspár

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Robust object tracking and maneuver estimation methods play significant role in the design of advanced driver assistant systems and self-driving cars. As an input to situation understanding and awareness, the performance of such algorithms influences the overall effectiveness of motion planning and plays high role in safety. The paper examines the suitability of different probabilistic state estimation methods, namely, the Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) and the more general Particle Filter (PF) with the addition of the Interacting Multiple Model (IMM) approach. These algorithms are not capable of predicting motion for long term in road traffic conditions, though their robustness and model classification capability are essential for the overall system. The performance is evaluated in road traffic scenarios where the tracked object imitates the motion characteristics of a road vehicle and is observed from a stationary sensor. The measurements are generated according to standard automotive radar models. The analysis conducted along two aspects emphasizes the different performance and scaling properties of the examined state estimation algorithms. The presented evaluation framework serves as a customizable method to test and develop advanced autonomous functions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7496017
JournalJournal of Advanced Transportation
Volume2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Strategy and Management

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