Semiclassical theory of the magnetization process of the triangular lattice Heisenberg model

Tommaso Coletta, Tamás A. Tóth, K. Penc, Frédéric Mila

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Motivated by the numerous examples of 1/3 magnetization plateaux in the triangular-lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet with spins ranging from 1/2 to 5/2, we revisit the semiclassical calculation of the magnetization curve of that model, with the aim of coming up with a simple method that allows one to calculate the full magnetization curve and not just the critical fields of the 1/3 plateau. We show that it is actually possible to calculate the magnetization curve including the first quantum corrections and the appearance of the 1/3 plateau entirely within linear spin-wave theory, with predictions for the critical fields that agree to order 1/S with those derived a long time ago on the basis of arguments that required going beyond linear spin-wave theory. This calculation relies on the central observation that there is a kink in the semiclassical energy at the field where the classical ground state is the collinear up-up-down structure and that this kink gives rise to a locally linear behavior of the energy with the field when all semiclassical ground states are compared to each other for all fields. The magnetization curves calculated in this way for spin 1/2, 1, and 5/2 are shown to be in good agreement with available experimental data.

Original languageEnglish
Article number075136
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume94
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 17 2016

Fingerprint

Magnetization
magnetization
plateaus
Spin waves
curves
Ground state
magnons
ground state
energy
predictions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Semiclassical theory of the magnetization process of the triangular lattice Heisenberg model. / Coletta, Tommaso; Tóth, Tamás A.; Penc, K.; Mila, Frédéric.

In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 94, No. 7, 075136, 17.08.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c436a41491544b0da57cb52e70fa5d9f,
title = "Semiclassical theory of the magnetization process of the triangular lattice Heisenberg model",
abstract = "Motivated by the numerous examples of 1/3 magnetization plateaux in the triangular-lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet with spins ranging from 1/2 to 5/2, we revisit the semiclassical calculation of the magnetization curve of that model, with the aim of coming up with a simple method that allows one to calculate the full magnetization curve and not just the critical fields of the 1/3 plateau. We show that it is actually possible to calculate the magnetization curve including the first quantum corrections and the appearance of the 1/3 plateau entirely within linear spin-wave theory, with predictions for the critical fields that agree to order 1/S with those derived a long time ago on the basis of arguments that required going beyond linear spin-wave theory. This calculation relies on the central observation that there is a kink in the semiclassical energy at the field where the classical ground state is the collinear up-up-down structure and that this kink gives rise to a locally linear behavior of the energy with the field when all semiclassical ground states are compared to each other for all fields. The magnetization curves calculated in this way for spin 1/2, 1, and 5/2 are shown to be in good agreement with available experimental data.",
author = "Tommaso Coletta and T{\'o}th, {Tam{\'a}s A.} and K. Penc and Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric Mila",
year = "2016",
month = "8",
day = "17",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevB.94.075136",
language = "English",
volume = "94",
journal = "Physical Review B-Condensed Matter",
issn = "0163-1829",
publisher = "American Physical Society",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Semiclassical theory of the magnetization process of the triangular lattice Heisenberg model

AU - Coletta, Tommaso

AU - Tóth, Tamás A.

AU - Penc, K.

AU - Mila, Frédéric

PY - 2016/8/17

Y1 - 2016/8/17

N2 - Motivated by the numerous examples of 1/3 magnetization plateaux in the triangular-lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet with spins ranging from 1/2 to 5/2, we revisit the semiclassical calculation of the magnetization curve of that model, with the aim of coming up with a simple method that allows one to calculate the full magnetization curve and not just the critical fields of the 1/3 plateau. We show that it is actually possible to calculate the magnetization curve including the first quantum corrections and the appearance of the 1/3 plateau entirely within linear spin-wave theory, with predictions for the critical fields that agree to order 1/S with those derived a long time ago on the basis of arguments that required going beyond linear spin-wave theory. This calculation relies on the central observation that there is a kink in the semiclassical energy at the field where the classical ground state is the collinear up-up-down structure and that this kink gives rise to a locally linear behavior of the energy with the field when all semiclassical ground states are compared to each other for all fields. The magnetization curves calculated in this way for spin 1/2, 1, and 5/2 are shown to be in good agreement with available experimental data.

AB - Motivated by the numerous examples of 1/3 magnetization plateaux in the triangular-lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnet with spins ranging from 1/2 to 5/2, we revisit the semiclassical calculation of the magnetization curve of that model, with the aim of coming up with a simple method that allows one to calculate the full magnetization curve and not just the critical fields of the 1/3 plateau. We show that it is actually possible to calculate the magnetization curve including the first quantum corrections and the appearance of the 1/3 plateau entirely within linear spin-wave theory, with predictions for the critical fields that agree to order 1/S with those derived a long time ago on the basis of arguments that required going beyond linear spin-wave theory. This calculation relies on the central observation that there is a kink in the semiclassical energy at the field where the classical ground state is the collinear up-up-down structure and that this kink gives rise to a locally linear behavior of the energy with the field when all semiclassical ground states are compared to each other for all fields. The magnetization curves calculated in this way for spin 1/2, 1, and 5/2 are shown to be in good agreement with available experimental data.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84985998139&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84985998139&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevB.94.075136

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevB.94.075136

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84985998139

VL - 94

JO - Physical Review B-Condensed Matter

JF - Physical Review B-Condensed Matter

SN - 0163-1829

IS - 7

M1 - 075136

ER -