Self-regulatory cognitions, social comparison, and perceived peers' behaviors as predictors of nutrition and physical activity: A comparison among adolescents in Hungary, Poland, Turkey, and USA

Aleksandra Luszczynska, Frederick X. Gibbons, B. Pikó, Mert Tekozel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

101 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated whether the effects of self-regulatory cognitions and social influence variables on healthy behaviors - nutrition and physical activity - vary across countries. Adolescents (N=2387) from Hungary, Poland, Turkey, and the USA participated in the study. Measures included self-efficacy, future orientation, social comparison orientation (SCO), perceived behaviors of peers, as well as age and gender. These variables were included in the path model as predictors of healthy behaviors. The role of a country as a moderator was also examined. Results showed that self-efficacy, SCO, and perceived behaviors of peers predicted both health-promoting behaviors in all four countries. Some differences were found regarding the role of future orientation and gender.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)577-593
Number of pages17
JournalPsychology and Health
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2004

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Hungary
Poland
Turkey
Cognition
Exercise
Self Efficacy
Health

Keywords

  • Cross-cultural research
  • Health cognitions
  • Self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Self-regulatory cognitions, social comparison, and perceived peers' behaviors as predictors of nutrition and physical activity : A comparison among adolescents in Hungary, Poland, Turkey, and USA. / Luszczynska, Aleksandra; Gibbons, Frederick X.; Pikó, B.; Tekozel, Mert.

In: Psychology and Health, Vol. 19, No. 5, 10.2004, p. 577-593.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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