Self-perceived health among early adolescents: Role of psychosocial factors

Bettina F. Piko, Noemi Keresztes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The authors examined self-perceived health and psychosocial health in 10-15 year old children and the relationship between children's self-perceived health and a set of psychosocial health status measurements. Methods: Data were collected from middle school students (n = 548; age range, 10-15 years of age; mean, 12.2 years; SD, 1.2 years) using randomly selected classes from four schools in different school districts in Szeged, Hungary. The self-administered questionnaires contained items on sociodemographics; school achievement; height and weight (body mass index); self-perceived health and fitness; health behaviors; and anger and psychosomatic health. The self-perceived health variable was dichotomized and expressed with poor/fair or good/excellent perceptions of one's own health. Results: Most of the children evaluated their own health as excellent or good. Logistic regression analyses revealed that poor academic achievement, socioeconomic status self-assessment, smoking, alcohol use, sports activity, self-perceived fitness, and high levels of anger and psychosomatic symptoms were associated with an increased likelihood of reported poor/fair perceptions of health. Conclusions: Findings reflect that psychosocial factors are important influences of self-perceived health in an early adolescent population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)577-583
Number of pages7
JournalPediatrics International
Volume49
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2007

Keywords

  • Early adolescence
  • Psychosocial health
  • Self-perceived health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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