Self-organizing patterns maintained by competing associations in a six-species predator-prey model

G. Szabó, A. Szolnoki, István Borsos

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45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Formation and competition of associations are studied in a six-species ecological model where each species has two predators and two prey. Each site of a square lattice is occupied by an individual belonging to one of the six species. The evolution of the spatial distribution of species is governed by iterated invasions between the neighboring predator-prey pairs with species specific rates and by site exchange between the neutral pairs with a probability X. This dynamical rule yields the formation of five associations composed of two or three species with proper spatiotemporal patterns. For large X a cyclic dominance can occur between the three two-species associations whereas one of the two three-species associations prevails in the whole system for low values of X in the final state. Within an intermediate range of X all the five associations coexist due to the fact that cyclic invasions between the two-species associations reduce their resistance temporarily against the invasion of three-species associations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number041919
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Volume77
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 29 2008

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predators
Predator-prey Model
organizing
Self-organizing
spatial distribution
Invasion
Ecological Model
Spatio-temporal Patterns
Predator-prey
Predator
Prey
Spatial Distribution
Square Lattice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics

Cite this

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