The usefulness-if not heuristic value-of the notion of 'self-organization' is examined in order to understand the 'essence of neural'. Self-organization is considered as a mechanism for generating emergent complex structures. One of its most striking properties is the capability to create order from noise. Self-organization phenomena are illustrated in very simple and highly complex neural structures. An attempt is made to interpret development, learning, and perhaps even dynamic memory organization in terms of neurodynamic principles. Ontogeny, normal performance, and plasticity of the nervous system are viewed in the framework of conceptually coherent phenomena and/or principles. The 'essence of neural' ought to be reconsidered before continuing the discussion of the brain-mind problem.
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