Selectivity and activity determining roles of carbonaceous species and metal-metal oxide interface in metal-catalyzed hydrogenation and isomerization reactions

András Fási, János T. Kiss, Béla Török, István Pálinkó

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The activity and/or selectivity determining roles of carbonaceous deposits of various kinds and metal-metal oxide interfaces are described in metal-catalyzed hydrogenation and isomerization reactions. The catalysts used were silica-supported Pt, Pd, Rh, Ni and Cu, while a wide range of probe molecules (cyclopropane, 1,1-dimethylcyclopropane, propylcyclobutane, methyloxirane, 2-methyl-2-butene, cyclohexene) were tested, in most cases, in the presence of H2 or D2. The properties of catalytic surfaces were studied by infrared spectroscopy and kinetic methods in static or flow reactors. Six treatment or reaction types were applied for learning about surface transformations during or after the reaction. Carbonaceous deposits of various kinds were identified and their reaction influencing properties are analyzed. Metal-metal oxide interfaces are found to be crucial in the hydrogenative ring opening of methyloxirane and the roles of the metal and the metal oxide are elucidated as well.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-200
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Volume200
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 28 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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