Selective oxidation of benzylic alcohols to aldehydes with metal nitrate reagents catalyzed by BEA zeolites or clays

János Farkas, Sándor Békássy, J. Madarász, François Figueras

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The oxidation of benzylic alcohols to benzaldehydes by bismuth(III) nitrate was investigated in the presence of various acidic aluminosilicates. The solid acid was used either as support for the nitrate or simply added in the reaction medium as a catalyst of the decomposition of Bi nitrate. The reactivity of the clay-supported reagent is controlled by the dispersion of the nitrate. A high dispersion requires both high surface area and high acidity of the support. There is a good correlation in the oxidation of benzyl alcohol - as the model reaction - between the structure and the chemical activity of the two main groups of supports (K10 and KSF vs. KSF/0 and KP10). In supported reagents made with zeolitic materials such as ZSM-5 or BEA the pores are blocked by the salt, therefore the solvent used for their preparation could not be eliminated completely from the solid. Zeolites cannot, therefore, be used to prepare conventional supported reagents, but work remarkably well, especially BEA, as a catalyst for the oxidation of benzyl alcohol or m-phenoxybenzyl alcohol by bismuth nitrate. Similar oxidation results were obtained with iron(III) nitrate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)750-754
Number of pages5
JournalNew Journal of Chemistry
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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Zeolites
Aldehydes
Nitrates
Clay
Alcohols
Metals
Oxidation
Benzyl Alcohol
Bismuth
Benzaldehydes
Catalysts
Acidity
Aluminosilicates
Iron
Salts
clay
Decomposition
Acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Selective oxidation of benzylic alcohols to aldehydes with metal nitrate reagents catalyzed by BEA zeolites or clays. / Farkas, János; Békássy, Sándor; Madarász, J.; Figueras, François.

In: New Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 26, No. 6, 2002, p. 750-754.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Farkas, János ; Békássy, Sándor ; Madarász, J. ; Figueras, François. / Selective oxidation of benzylic alcohols to aldehydes with metal nitrate reagents catalyzed by BEA zeolites or clays. In: New Journal of Chemistry. 2002 ; Vol. 26, No. 6. pp. 750-754.
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