Selective augmentation of histone H1 phosphorylation sites by interaction of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase and cdc2-kinase: comparison with protein kinase C.

P. Bauer, K. G. Buki, E. Kun

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Abstract

The molecular interactions between PARP I, cdc2-kinase, PKC and histone H1 were determined with the aid of the common phosphate acceptor function of histone H1 to both kinases. PKC phosphorylates both histone H1 and PARP I and PARP I augments the acceptor function of histone H1. When both acceptors (PARP I and histone H1) are present an apparent distributive phosphorylation of both acceptors takes place. In contrast, cdc2-kinase only phosphorylates histone H1, and the activation of this reaction by PARP I does not involve PARP I-cdc2-kinase binding only PARP I-histone H1 association. Since the phosphorylation of histone H1 by PKC is a model reaction with no apparent physiologic consequences, the PARP I activated phosphorylation of histone H1 by cdc2-kinase, by contrast, reflects a physiologically meaningful regulation of the linker histone by a cyclin dependent kinase (cdc2-kinase). The increased phosphorylation of histone H1 by cdc2-kinase following PARP I-histone H1 binding results in the appearance of new phosphorylated histone H1 polypeptides as measured by proteolytic digestion and re-electrophoresis of cdc2-kinase phosphorylated polypeptides, indicating a probable conformational change in histone H1, following PARP I binding. The cell biologic significance of this reaction in PARP I ligand-induced enzyme induction is briefly analysed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)691-693
Number of pages3
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Medicine
Volume8
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2001

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Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases
Histones
Protein Kinase C
Phosphotransferases
Phosphorylation
Peptides
Enzyme Induction
Cyclin-Dependent Kinases
Electrophoresis
Digestion
Phosphates
Ligands

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

Cite this

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title = "Selective augmentation of histone H1 phosphorylation sites by interaction of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase and cdc2-kinase: comparison with protein kinase C.",
abstract = "The molecular interactions between PARP I, cdc2-kinase, PKC and histone H1 were determined with the aid of the common phosphate acceptor function of histone H1 to both kinases. PKC phosphorylates both histone H1 and PARP I and PARP I augments the acceptor function of histone H1. When both acceptors (PARP I and histone H1) are present an apparent distributive phosphorylation of both acceptors takes place. In contrast, cdc2-kinase only phosphorylates histone H1, and the activation of this reaction by PARP I does not involve PARP I-cdc2-kinase binding only PARP I-histone H1 association. Since the phosphorylation of histone H1 by PKC is a model reaction with no apparent physiologic consequences, the PARP I activated phosphorylation of histone H1 by cdc2-kinase, by contrast, reflects a physiologically meaningful regulation of the linker histone by a cyclin dependent kinase (cdc2-kinase). The increased phosphorylation of histone H1 by cdc2-kinase following PARP I-histone H1 binding results in the appearance of new phosphorylated histone H1 polypeptides as measured by proteolytic digestion and re-electrophoresis of cdc2-kinase phosphorylated polypeptides, indicating a probable conformational change in histone H1, following PARP I binding. The cell biologic significance of this reaction in PARP I ligand-induced enzyme induction is briefly analysed.",
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AB - The molecular interactions between PARP I, cdc2-kinase, PKC and histone H1 were determined with the aid of the common phosphate acceptor function of histone H1 to both kinases. PKC phosphorylates both histone H1 and PARP I and PARP I augments the acceptor function of histone H1. When both acceptors (PARP I and histone H1) are present an apparent distributive phosphorylation of both acceptors takes place. In contrast, cdc2-kinase only phosphorylates histone H1, and the activation of this reaction by PARP I does not involve PARP I-cdc2-kinase binding only PARP I-histone H1 association. Since the phosphorylation of histone H1 by PKC is a model reaction with no apparent physiologic consequences, the PARP I activated phosphorylation of histone H1 by cdc2-kinase, by contrast, reflects a physiologically meaningful regulation of the linker histone by a cyclin dependent kinase (cdc2-kinase). The increased phosphorylation of histone H1 by cdc2-kinase following PARP I-histone H1 binding results in the appearance of new phosphorylated histone H1 polypeptides as measured by proteolytic digestion and re-electrophoresis of cdc2-kinase phosphorylated polypeptides, indicating a probable conformational change in histone H1, following PARP I binding. The cell biologic significance of this reaction in PARP I ligand-induced enzyme induction is briefly analysed.

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