Selection of Quality Indicators in IBD: Integrating Physician and Patient Perspectives

Alain Bitton, Maria Vutcovici, Ellina Lytvyak, Natasha Kachan, Brian Bressler, Jennifer Jones, P. Lakatos, Maida Sewitch, Wael El-Matary, Gil Melmed, Geoffrey Nguyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)


Background Variation in clinical practice exists in many aspects of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) care. Our aim was to develop a comprehensive set of quality indicators (QIs) to be measured in view of improving the quality of IBD care provided in clinical practice. This initiative was part of a global Canadian quality initiative PACE (Promoting Access and Care through Centres of Excellence). Methods A modified RAND appropriateness method was used to identify and rate structure, process, outcome, and patient-derived QIs of IBD care. The process included a comprehensive literature search yielding a broad list of QIs, the online selection of QIs by a core expert panel, the selection of patient-derived QIs from 4 patient focus groups, and the subsequent selection of QIs by a multidisciplinary panel, followed by a moderated in-person multidisciplinary meeting during which each indicator was rated for importance and feasibility of measurement. Predetermined cutoffs for mean score and degree of disagreement were used to select the final list of QIs. Results Forty-five QIs, including 6 that were patient-derived, were selected. Nine structure QIs addressed aspects related to the services and specialist care offered at an IBD unit or clinic. Thirty process indicators included administrative and workflow processes, features related to IBD therapy, surveillance, vaccination, and risk management. Six outcome QIs included measures of healthcare utilization, steroid use, and patient satisfaction. Conclusions Forty-five QIs including patient-derived indicators were selected through an iterative process. These indicators can be used to measure and improve the quality of care provided to IBD patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-409
Number of pages7
JournalInflammatory bowel diseases
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 10 2019



  • Crohn's disease
  • indicators
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • outcome
  • quality
  • ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Bitton, A., Vutcovici, M., Lytvyak, E., Kachan, N., Bressler, B., Jones, J., Lakatos, P., Sewitch, M., El-Matary, W., Melmed, G., & Nguyen, G. (2019). Selection of Quality Indicators in IBD: Integrating Physician and Patient Perspectives. Inflammatory bowel diseases, 25(2), 403-409.