Segmental nitrogen doping and carboxyl functionalization of multi-walled carbon nanotubes

Gergo Peter Szekeres, Krisztian Nemeth, Aniko Kinka, Melinda Magyar, Balazs Reti, Erika Varga, Zsolt Szegletes, A. Erdóhelyi, Laszlo Nagy, K. Hernádi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Partial nitrogen doping was performed during the catalytic chemical vapor deposition (CCVD) synthesis of multi-walled carbon nanotubes. A special reactor was created to facilitate the execution of syntheses with different reaction conditions. The synthesized samples were analyzed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) in order to provide information about the tubular and nontubular morphology of particles and their deformation gained after the reaction conditions were changed. The incorporation of nitrogen into the carbon structure was studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), whereas X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectroscopy evaluations showed the degree of graphitization. The samples then were carboxyl functionalized in varied concentrations of nitric acid solutions and photosynthetic reaction center protein (RC-26) purified from purple bacteria was linked to the carboxyl groups in order to make the degree of functionalization visible. The protein-linked samples were characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Our experiments indicated that the syntheses carried out in the new reactor were successful and resulted in carbon nanotubes partially doped with nitrogen. TEM studies revealed that the expected deformations are localized only in a defined segment of carbon nanotubes therefore nitrogen doping is most possibly presented there. The nitrogen content in the samples represented in atomic ratios was between 0.9% and 2.9%. The deformations facilitate the functionalization at that certain area, thus the location of carboxyl groups can be determined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2472-2478
Number of pages7
JournalPhysica Status Solidi (B) Basic Research
Volume252
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2015

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
Carbon nanotubes
Nitrogen
carbon nanotubes
Doping (additives)
nitrogen
carboxyl group
synthesis
reactors
Photosynthetic Reaction Center Complex Proteins
Transmission electron microscopy
proteins
Proteins
Nitric Acid
transmission electron microscopy
Graphitization
graphitization
nitric acid
Nitric acid
bacteria

Keywords

  • Carboxyl functionalization
  • Multi-walled carbon nanotubes
  • Protein linking
  • Segmental nitrogen doping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

Segmental nitrogen doping and carboxyl functionalization of multi-walled carbon nanotubes. / Szekeres, Gergo Peter; Nemeth, Krisztian; Kinka, Aniko; Magyar, Melinda; Reti, Balazs; Varga, Erika; Szegletes, Zsolt; Erdóhelyi, A.; Nagy, Laszlo; Hernádi, K.

In: Physica Status Solidi (B) Basic Research, Vol. 252, No. 11, 01.11.2015, p. 2472-2478.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Szekeres, GP, Nemeth, K, Kinka, A, Magyar, M, Reti, B, Varga, E, Szegletes, Z, Erdóhelyi, A, Nagy, L & Hernádi, K 2015, 'Segmental nitrogen doping and carboxyl functionalization of multi-walled carbon nanotubes', Physica Status Solidi (B) Basic Research, vol. 252, no. 11, pp. 2472-2478. https://doi.org/10.1002/pssb.201552163
Szekeres, Gergo Peter ; Nemeth, Krisztian ; Kinka, Aniko ; Magyar, Melinda ; Reti, Balazs ; Varga, Erika ; Szegletes, Zsolt ; Erdóhelyi, A. ; Nagy, Laszlo ; Hernádi, K. / Segmental nitrogen doping and carboxyl functionalization of multi-walled carbon nanotubes. In: Physica Status Solidi (B) Basic Research. 2015 ; Vol. 252, No. 11. pp. 2472-2478.
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