Security, reliance and availability: Psychometric features of the Kerns' security scale in Hungarian population

Barcsi Beatrix, Hollódy Katalin, Péley Bernadette, Dorn Krisztina, Kathryn A. Kerns, S. Rózsa, Török Imre, Kállai János

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: This study examines the Kerns' Security Scale (KSS) that is a self-report questionnaire to assess school-age children's certain family-related experiences, and is widely used in the United States and in certain European countries. Objectives: The aim of the present investigation is to review the factor structure of the KSS in Hungarian population and to describe the characteristics of the scales in an Eastern-Central European country, as well as to check its external validity by the Child Depression Inventory, and to evaluate its feasibility in clinical practice and school psychology services. Methods: The sample consisted of 323 primary and secondary schools students (137 boys and 186 girls), aged 10-18 years. They completed the Kerns' Security Scale and the Child Depression Inventory. Results: statistical analysis has revealed that the items of the security questionnaire can be divided into three subscales, namely: Reliance, Availability, and Autonomy support. The mothers' subscale scores are higher than fathers' subscale scores (Reliance: t = 7.1, p < .001; Availability t = 8.9, p < .001; Autonomy support t = 3.2, p < .01). Conclusion: The results supported the three factor model of the KSS, and recommended to apply for clinical practice and in school psychology services.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-193
Number of pages23
JournalMentalhigiene es Pszichoszomatika
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2017


  • Attachment
  • Autonomy support
  • Depression
  • Perceived security
  • Preadolescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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