### Abstract

The application of the second-quantized formalism to treat the antisymmetry problem in perturbation theory (PT) of intermolecular interactions is reviewed. It is emphasized that second quantization permits one to work exclusively in the space of fully antisymmetric wavefunctions and to develop a unique many-body PT with a well-defined order parameter λ. However, owing to intermolecular overlap, one has to work with non-hermitian operators. This non-hermitian formalism can also be used to decouple the finite basis correction terms, giving rise to a basis set superposition error (BSSE) when using the chemical hamiltonian approach (CHA). A formal non-linear Schrödinger equation is written down yielding the BSSE-free wavefunctions and the "CHA/CE energy" (i.e. conventional energy expectation value over the BSSE-free wave-function). A double PT is developed to treat pure interaction and the interference from BSSE separately. Numerical applications on the H_{2}-H_{2} interaction are presented as an example to demonstrate the reliability of this scheme.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 51-63 |

Number of pages | 13 |

Journal | Journal of Molecular Structure: THEOCHEM |

Volume | 232 |

Issue number | C |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Jul 26 1991 |

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### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Computational Theory and Mathematics
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

### Cite this

**Second quantization and exchange perturbation theory for intermolecular interactions. the basis set superposition error problem.** / Surján, P.; Mayer, I.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Second quantization and exchange perturbation theory for intermolecular interactions. the basis set superposition error problem

AU - Surján, P.

AU - Mayer, I.

PY - 1991/7/26

Y1 - 1991/7/26

N2 - The application of the second-quantized formalism to treat the antisymmetry problem in perturbation theory (PT) of intermolecular interactions is reviewed. It is emphasized that second quantization permits one to work exclusively in the space of fully antisymmetric wavefunctions and to develop a unique many-body PT with a well-defined order parameter λ. However, owing to intermolecular overlap, one has to work with non-hermitian operators. This non-hermitian formalism can also be used to decouple the finite basis correction terms, giving rise to a basis set superposition error (BSSE) when using the chemical hamiltonian approach (CHA). A formal non-linear Schrödinger equation is written down yielding the BSSE-free wavefunctions and the "CHA/CE energy" (i.e. conventional energy expectation value over the BSSE-free wave-function). A double PT is developed to treat pure interaction and the interference from BSSE separately. Numerical applications on the H2-H2 interaction are presented as an example to demonstrate the reliability of this scheme.

AB - The application of the second-quantized formalism to treat the antisymmetry problem in perturbation theory (PT) of intermolecular interactions is reviewed. It is emphasized that second quantization permits one to work exclusively in the space of fully antisymmetric wavefunctions and to develop a unique many-body PT with a well-defined order parameter λ. However, owing to intermolecular overlap, one has to work with non-hermitian operators. This non-hermitian formalism can also be used to decouple the finite basis correction terms, giving rise to a basis set superposition error (BSSE) when using the chemical hamiltonian approach (CHA). A formal non-linear Schrödinger equation is written down yielding the BSSE-free wavefunctions and the "CHA/CE energy" (i.e. conventional energy expectation value over the BSSE-free wave-function). A double PT is developed to treat pure interaction and the interference from BSSE separately. Numerical applications on the H2-H2 interaction are presented as an example to demonstrate the reliability of this scheme.

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U2 - 10.1016/0166-1280(91)85244-2

DO - 10.1016/0166-1280(91)85244-2

M3 - Article

VL - 232

SP - 51

EP - 63

JO - Computational and Theoretical Chemistry

JF - Computational and Theoretical Chemistry

SN - 2210-271X

IS - C

ER -