Purpose: The purpose of this study was to report the clinical outcomes of a second breast-conserving therapy (2nd BCT) with perioperative interstitial brachytherapy (iBT) vs. those of salvage mastectomy (sMT) in the treatment of ipsilateral breast tumor recurrences (IBTRs). Methods and Materials: Between 1999 and 2015, 195 patients with IBTR after a previous breast-conserving treatment were salvaged either with reexcision and perioperative high-dose-rate iBT (n = 39), or with sMT (n = 156). In the 2nd BCT group, a total dose of 22 Gy in five fractions of 4.4 Gy was delivered to the tumor bed with intraoperatively implanted catheters for 3 consecutive days. Results: The median followup time was 59 months (1–189) in the 2nd BCT, and 56 months (3–189) in the sMT group. The mean size of IBTR was 16 mm (2–70) vs. 24 mm (2–90), respectively (p = 0.0005), but there were no other significant differences in patient- or IBTR-related parameters between the two groups. During the followup period, 4 of 39 (10.2%) and 28 of 156 (17.9%) second local recurrences (2nd LR) occurred in the 2nd BCT and the sMT group, respectively. The 5-year actuarial rate of 2nd LR was 6% vs. 18% (p = 0.22), the 5-year probability of disease-free, cancer-specific and overall survival was 69% vs. 65% (p = 0.13), 85% vs. 78% (p = 0.32), and 81% vs. 66% (p = 0.15), respectively. In the 2nd BCT group, the rate of good to excellent cosmesis was 70%. Conclusions: 2nd BCT with perioperative high-dose-rate iBT is a safe and feasible option for the management of IBTR, resulting in similar 5-year oncological outcomes and better cosmetic results compared with sMT.
- Breast cancer
- Local recurrence
- Salvage mastectomy
- Second breast-conserving therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging