Seasonal variation in physical activity and sedentary time in different European regions. The HELENA study

Luis Gracia-Marco, Francisco B. Ortega, Jonatan R. Ruiz, Craig A. Williams, Maria Hagströmer, Yannis Manios, Anthony Kafatos, Laurent Béghin, Angela Polito, Stefaan De Henauw, Jara Valtueña, Kurt Widhalm, Denes Molnar, Ute Alexy, Luis A. Moreno, Michael Sjöström, A. McKey, Jesús Fleta, José A. Casajús, Gerardo RodríguezConcepción Tomás, María I. Mesana, Germán Vicente-Rodríguez, Adoración Villarroya, Carlos M. Gil, Ignacio Ara, Juan Revenga, Carmen Lachen, Juan Fernández Alvira, Gloria Bueno, Aurora Lázaro, Olga Bueno, Juan Fón Le, Jesús M. Garagorri, Manuel Bueno, Juan Pablo Rey López, Iris Iglesia, Paula Velasco, Silvia Bel, Theodora Mouratidou, Ascensión Marcos, Julia Wärnberg, Esther Nova, Sonia Gómez, Esperanza Ligia Díaz, Javier Romeo, Ana Veses, Mari Angeles Puertollano, Belén Zapatera, Tamara Pozo, Laurent Beghin, Christian Libersa, Frédéric Gottrand, Catalina Iliescu, Juliana Von Berlepsch, Mathilde Kersting, Wolfgang Sichert-Hellert, Ellen Koeppen, E. Erhardt, Katalin Csernus, Katalin Török, Szilvia Bokor, Mrs Angster, Enikö Nagy, Orsolya Kovács, Judit Repásy, Caroline Codrington, María Plada, Angeliki Papadaki, Katerina Sarri, Anna Viskadourou, Christos Hatzis, Michael Kiriakakis, George Tsibinos, Constantine Vardavas Manolis Sbokos, Eva Protoyeraki, Maria Fasoulaki, Klaus Pietrzik, Marcela González-Gross, Christina Breidenassel, Andre Spinneker, Jasmin Al-Tahan, Miriam Segoviano, Anke Berchtold, Christine Bierschbach, Erika Blatzheim, Adelheid Schuch, Peter Stehle, Petra Pickert, Manuel J. Castillo, Ángel Gutiérrez, Enrique G. Artero, Vanesa España-Romero, David Jiménez-Pavón, Palma Chillón, Davide Arcella, Elena Azzini, Emma Barrison, Noemi Bevilacqua, Pasquale Buonocore, Giovina Catasta, Laura Censi, Donatella Ciarapica, Paola D'Acapito, Marika Ferrari, Myriam Galfo, Cinzia Le Donne, Catherine Leclercq, Giuseppe Maiani, Beatrice Mauro, Lorenza Mistura, Antonella Pasquali, Raffaela Piccinelli, Raffaella Spada, Stefania Sette, Maria Zaccaria, Luca Scalfi, Paola Vitaglione, Concetta Montagnese, Ilse de Bourdeaudhuij, Tineke de Vriendt, Lea Maes, Christophe Matthys, Carine Vereecken, Mieke de Maeyer, Charlene Ottevaere, Inge Huybrechts, Katharina Phillipp, Sabine Dietrich, Eva Grammatikaki, Zoi Bouloubasi, Tina Louisa Cook, Sofia Eleutheriou, Orsalia Consta, George Moschonis, Ioanna Katsaroli, George Kraniou, Stalo Papoutsou, Despoina Keke, Ioanna Petraki, Elena Bellou, Sofia Tanagra, Kostalenia Kallianoti, Dionysia Argyropoulou, Katerina Kondaki, Stamatoula Tsikrika, Christos Karaiskos, Jean Dallongeville, Aline Meirhaeghe, Michael Sjöstrom, Patrick Bergman, Lena Hallström, Mårten Hallberg, Eric Poortvliet, Nico Rizzo, Linda Beckman, Anita Hurtig Wennlöf, Emma Patterson, Lydia Kwak, Lars Cernerud, Per Tillgren, Stefaan Sörensen, Jackie Sánchez-Molero, Elena Picó, Maite Navarro, Blanca Viadel, José Enrique Carreres, Gema Merino, Rosa Sanjuán, María Lorente, María José Sánchez, Sara Castelló, Chantal Gilbert, Sarah Thomas, Elaine Allchurch, Peter Burguess, Gunnar Hall, Annika Astrom, Anna Sverkén, Agneta Broberg, Annick Masson, Claire Lehoux, Pascal Brabant, Philippe Pate, Laurence Fontaine, Andras Sebok, Tunde Kuti, Adrienn Hegyi, Cristina Maldonado, Ana Llorente, Emilio García, Holger von Fircks, Marianne Lilja Hallberg, Maria Messerer, Mats Larsson, Helena Fredriksson, Viola Adamsson, Ingmar Börjesson, Laura Fernández, Laura Smillie, Josephine Wills, Ulrike Albers, Raquel Pedrero, Agustín Meléndez, Pedro J. Benito, Juan José Gómez Lorente, David Cañada, Alejandro Urzanqui, Juan Carlos Ortiz, Francisco Fuentes, Rosa María Torres, Paloma Navarro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This report aims (1) to examine the association between seasonality and physical activity (PA) and sedentary time in European adolescents and (2) to investigate whether this association was influenced by geographical location (Central-North versus South of Europe), which implies more or less extreme weather and daylight hours. Valid data on PA, sedentary time and seasonality were obtained in 2173 adolescents (1175 females; 12.5-17.5 years) included in this study. Physical activity and sedentary time were measured by accelerometers. ANCOVA was conducted to analyse the differences in PA and sedentary time across seasons. Results showed that girls had lower levels of moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) and average PA, and spent more time in sedentary activities in winter compared with spring (all P < 0.05). Stratified analyses showed differences in PA and sedentary time between winter and spring in European girls from Central-North of Europe (P < 0.05 for sedentary time). There were no differences between PA and sedentary time across seasonality in boys. In conclusion, winter is related with less time spent in MVPA, lower average PA and higher time spent in sedentary activities in European adolescent girls, compared with spring. These differences seem to mainly occur in Central-North Europe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1831-1840
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Volume31
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2013

Keywords

  • accelerometer
  • active
  • inactive
  • moderate-to-vigorous physical activity
  • paediatric population
  • season

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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  • Cite this

    Gracia-Marco, L., Ortega, F. B., Ruiz, J. R., Williams, C. A., Hagströmer, M., Manios, Y., Kafatos, A., Béghin, L., Polito, A., De Henauw, S., Valtueña, J., Widhalm, K., Molnar, D., Alexy, U., Moreno, L. A., Sjöström, M., McKey, A., Fleta, J., Casajús, J. A., ... Navarro, P. (2013). Seasonal variation in physical activity and sedentary time in different European regions. The HELENA study. Journal of Sports Sciences, 31(16), 1831-1840. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2013.803595