Search for antiglucocorticoid activity in rat liver in vivo

M. K. Agarwal, S. Sekiya, G. Lazar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Estradiol and testosterone both lowered endogenous liver glycogen and at 20-fold higher doses impaired triamcinolone acetonide mediated glyconeogenesis in adult adrenalectomized male rats. Neither steroid influenced liver tyrosine transaminase although tryptophan pyrrolase activity was depressed by testosterone. Progesterone increased liver tryptophan pyrrolase but did not influence other parameters. Cortexolone did not alter either of these processes whereas cortisol induced both enzymes and, at much higher dose levels, gluconeogenesis. Binding of3H-triamcinolone acetonide to its cytoplasmic receptor in vitro was left unaffected in presence of 20-fold greater concentration of either sex steroid but almost totally abolished by cold, homologous molecules. Similar results were obtained by3H-cortisol except that estradiol partially competed for3H-cortisol binding sites even at 20-fold greater concentrations of cold estradiol. Separation on DEAE-cellulose-52 and Ultrogel 44 columns revealed binding of all steroids to macromolecules of comparable physicochemical properties although the ratios of binding to the various subpopulations of the receptor were a function of the steroid in question. These results are discussed in terms of sex steroid binding to different moieties of a complex, heterogeneous, polymorphic protein rather than inhibition of binding to the active configuration acquired in presence of an inducer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-192
Number of pages12
JournalResearch In Experimental Medicine
Volume176
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 1979

Keywords

  • Antiglucocorticoids
  • Enzyme induction
  • Gluconeogenesis
  • Liver receptor
  • Sex steroids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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