Screening for extracellular lipase enzymes with transesterification capacity in Mucoromycotina strains

Alexandra Kotogán, Brigitta Németh, Csaba Vágvölgyi, Tamás Papp, Miklós Takó

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, 169 zygomycetes fungal strains including some cold-tolerant isolates were screened for their extracellular lipolytic activity towards tributyrin. Nineteen of them were outstanding in their enzyme production as they developed the largest lipolytic halo around the colonies in plate tests. Mortierella alpina, M. echinosphaera, Mucor corticolus, Rhizomucor miehei, Rhizopus oryzae, Rh. stolonifer, Umbelopsis autotrophica, U. isabellina, U. ramanniana var. angulispora and U. versiformis were selected for further studies to characterise their lipolytic enzyme production in detail. In these assays, effect of Tween 80 and palm, soybean, sunflower, olive, extra virgin olive, wheat germ, corn germ, sesame seed, pumpkin seed and cottonseed oils on the enzyme activities was investigated, and wheat bran-based submerged and solid-state fermentations were also tested. Tween 80 and olive oil proved to be efficient inductors for lipolytic enzyme production, which was also enhanced when wheat bran was used as support. Addition of mineral salts and olive oil to the solid fermentation medium resulted in at least 1.5-fold increment in the enzyme activities of the crude extracts. Organic synthesis was also assayed by the selected lipases, in which enzymes from the fungi R. miehei, Rh. stolonifer and M. echinosphaera gave the best yields during transesterification reactions between p-nitrophenyl palmitate and ethanol.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-82
Number of pages10
JournalFood Technology and Biotechnology
Volume52
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Keywords

  • P-nitrophenyl palmitate
  • Transesterification
  • Tributyrin
  • Wheat bran
  • Zygomycetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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