Scheimpflug imaging for long-term evaluation of optical components in hungarian children with a history of preterm birth

Mónika Ecsedy, I. Kovács, Kata Mihaltz, Zsuzsa Recsan, Andrea Szigeti, Eva Juhasz, J. Németh, Zoltan Z. Nagy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To determine ocular geometry and refraction in children with a history of preterm birth, and compare them to age-matched full-term children. Methods: In a prospective case-control study, 50 eyes of 27 premature patients 7 to 14 years of age were evaluated with Scheimpflug camera after cycloplegia. Age-matched full-term children comprised the control group (68 eyes of 34 children). All of the eligible eyes had a normal-appearing posterior pole. Anterior segment parameters such as keratometry, anterior chamber volume or thickness, and lens thickness were measured. Corneal thickness, lower- and higher-order aberrations refractive errors of the cornea (root mean square of lower- and higher-order aberrations: RMS LOA, RMS HOA) were also assessed and exported for further analysis. Results: In the premature eyes, anterior chamber depth was marginally smaller (P = .06), the lens was significantly thicker (P = .03), and axial length was significantly shorter (P <.001). Scheimpflug imaging showed a significant difference in corneal RMS (P = .03) and an increase in corneal RMS HOA (P = .002) in the premature group. Preterm birth showed significant impact on axial length (P <.01) and lens thickness (P = .05); at the same time, anterior chamber depth was more influenced by retinopathy of prematurity stage (P = .01). Laser treatment showed marginally significant impact (P = .06) on anterior chamber depth. Conclusions: In premature eyes with or without mild retinopathy of prematurity, anterior segment anatomy is slightly different and they have more higher-order corneal aberrations compared to the eyes of term-born children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-241
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Volume51
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Optical Devices
Premature Birth
Anterior Chamber
Lenses
Retinopathy of Prematurity
Ocular Refraction
Refractive Errors
Cornea
Case-Control Studies
Anatomy
Lasers
Control Groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Scheimpflug imaging for long-term evaluation of optical components in hungarian children with a history of preterm birth. / Ecsedy, Mónika; Kovács, I.; Mihaltz, Kata; Recsan, Zsuzsa; Szigeti, Andrea; Juhasz, Eva; Németh, J.; Nagy, Zoltan Z.

In: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Vol. 51, No. 4, 2014, p. 235-241.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ecsedy, Mónika ; Kovács, I. ; Mihaltz, Kata ; Recsan, Zsuzsa ; Szigeti, Andrea ; Juhasz, Eva ; Németh, J. ; Nagy, Zoltan Z. / Scheimpflug imaging for long-term evaluation of optical components in hungarian children with a history of preterm birth. In: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. 2014 ; Vol. 51, No. 4. pp. 235-241.
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AU - Mihaltz, Kata

AU - Recsan, Zsuzsa

AU - Szigeti, Andrea

AU - Juhasz, Eva

AU - Németh, J.

AU - Nagy, Zoltan Z.

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AB - Purpose: To determine ocular geometry and refraction in children with a history of preterm birth, and compare them to age-matched full-term children. Methods: In a prospective case-control study, 50 eyes of 27 premature patients 7 to 14 years of age were evaluated with Scheimpflug camera after cycloplegia. Age-matched full-term children comprised the control group (68 eyes of 34 children). All of the eligible eyes had a normal-appearing posterior pole. Anterior segment parameters such as keratometry, anterior chamber volume or thickness, and lens thickness were measured. Corneal thickness, lower- and higher-order aberrations refractive errors of the cornea (root mean square of lower- and higher-order aberrations: RMS LOA, RMS HOA) were also assessed and exported for further analysis. Results: In the premature eyes, anterior chamber depth was marginally smaller (P = .06), the lens was significantly thicker (P = .03), and axial length was significantly shorter (P <.001). Scheimpflug imaging showed a significant difference in corneal RMS (P = .03) and an increase in corneal RMS HOA (P = .002) in the premature group. Preterm birth showed significant impact on axial length (P <.01) and lens thickness (P = .05); at the same time, anterior chamber depth was more influenced by retinopathy of prematurity stage (P = .01). Laser treatment showed marginally significant impact (P = .06) on anterior chamber depth. Conclusions: In premature eyes with or without mild retinopathy of prematurity, anterior segment anatomy is slightly different and they have more higher-order corneal aberrations compared to the eyes of term-born children.

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